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2018年广州市中考英语作文专题复习(四):文学故事与诗歌           ★★★
2018年广州市中考英语作文专题复习(四):文学故事与诗歌
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2018/4/27 9:21:43

写作专题四:文学故事与诗歌                    
一、与专题相关的话题项目 
历史与社会 (History and society),故事与诗歌 (Stories and poems)
二、与专题相关的知识准备
  1、相关单元  7B Unit 7 Poems                                    
               8A Unit 2 Numbers                    8A Unit 6 Ancient stories  
               8B Unit 4 Cartoons and comic strips     
               9A Unit 1 Wise men in history            9A Unit 2 Great minds
               9A Unit 7 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer   9A Unit 8 Surprising endings
         2、相关词汇
        *高频词
       (n.) poem, feeling, order, advice, group, well, shower, superman, seller,   smile, crowd, number, gram, chess, prize, grain, chessboard, amount, rest, gold, traffic, accident, war,captain, soldier,midnight, side, army,trick, prince, queen, scene,cartoon, warning, role-play, symbol, program, basic, stage, actor, team, star, island, storm, jacket, wave,Olympics, agreement, pot, truth, bowl, metal, prison, boxing, racing, mistake, mind, sense, humour, invitation, university, pleasure, lecture, tonight, seat, universe, action, adventure, novel, frog, congratulations, steamboat, steam, writer, fence, task, yard, board, progress, pity, silence, while,deal, coat, gift, graduation, cent, present, knee, sign, chain, bill, step, set, comb, America,note,  
       (v.) agree, disagree,rush, check,challenge, promise, double, realize, copy, understand, pull, celebrate,enter, succeed, steal, punish, record, match, play, score, doubt, seem, solve, fill, hit, consider, avoid, trust, obey, reduce, survey, pretend,count, afford, search, draw,      
       (adj.) complete,wise, ancient, huge,main,stupid, empty, secret, pleasant, golden, real, certain, brave, correct, pale, humorous, careful, lazy,   
       (adv.)aloud, instead, correctly,quietly, separately,exactly,  
       (prep.) except
      *高频短语
       Not at all, be worried about, newspaper stand, rush out, a crowd of, a long time ago, challenge ...to..., and so on, copy down, act out, make jokes about, succeed in doing, except for, be full of, in the end, come on, comic strip, pop out, decide on, video camera, play against, weather forecast, life jacket, thank goodness, make it, be happy with, fill....with..., run over, send ...to prison, make sure, sense of humour, let...down, by heart, take a seat, without difficulty, join in, have no idea, be in trouble, play a joke on sb, turning point, a series of, have a rest, think of, come along, what a pity, go on doing, in silence, after a while, turn sth. Over, trick sb. into doing sth, look for, at last, fix...on, hold out, under the name of,
       *拓展词汇
       ordinary,rhyme, site, narrow, height, instructions, pyramid, Greek, capture, Trojan, bubble, thought, rough, sketch, effect, detailed, appear, mystery, crown, displace, confirmation, wresting, astronomer, genius, theory, audience, applause, achievement, philosopher, sympathy, lead, plot, celebrated, goods, accuse, album, be accused of... , from the on, give up, one by one,
      *经典句型
1. A long time ago, there was.....
2. Thank you for...........
3. The is a story about..........
4. ...and .... Are two of the most popular cartoon characters in the world.
5. It was a great success.
6. be so adj. that +从句
7. I’m certain that ...........
8. Everyone was amazed at how ......solve the problem.
9. A journey of a thousand li begins with a single step.
10. It’s a pleasure to .......
11. such....that
12. I’ve got an idea./  I have no idea.
13. If you don’t learn to think when you are young, you may never learn.
14. What a pity!
 
三、经典例题
郭敬明 出生于1983年6月6日,四川人,中国知名小说家,《最小说》(ZUI novel)主编。
自他的第一部作品《爱与痛的边缘》(on the edge of love and hatred) 在2002问世以来,他共撰写著名作品30余部。其中,系列作品《小时代》(Tiny times)深受年轻读者喜爱。这个系列作品以全新的叙事风格,通过对几位当代青少年和大学生生活的描写,表达了作者对整个社会观察和思考,是一部优秀的作品。
小时候大部分时间在家埋头苦读,求学阶段曾经从上海大学辍学,但对文学的执着和自身的努力和自信,使他一步一步迈进了成功的殿堂。
你对郭敬明的看法。
提示:
1、这是一篇文学(艺术)名家介绍类作文。介绍人物及其文学(艺术)作品时,应该按照作品的角色、情节、社会地位影响等方面进行叙述。
2、分三个自然段来描述。第一段介绍人物背景知识,第二段介绍其文学(艺术)代表作和成就,第三段提取人物的优秀品质,补充自己的看法。
 
解题思路:
1. 审题:
a. 本文共有  4  个要点
b. 时态主要采用一般现在时或一般过去时
c. 人称是第三人称
2. 可能用到的短语和句型:
be born in/on、be well known as、his work called...、over 30 works、since then 、be very popular with、turned out、stick to、drop out of school、kept on doing sth.、lead to、in my opinion
3.连句成文与修改评分( 每行一处修改提升点,答案见范文)
 
Guo jingming was born in June 6th, 1983 in Si Chuan. He was a famous novelist as well as the chief editor of  “ZUI novel”.
Since his first work——“on the edge of love and hatred” was published in 2002, he has produced more than 30 literature works. Among them, the series —— “Tiny times” is well-received by teen readers. With the description of the modern life of several teenagers and university students in a new way,  “Tiny times” express the observation and thinking from the author, which is a excellent work.
Though Guo achieved a lot, he way to success was not smooth at all. He spent most of his time read at home when he was young. Besides, he dropped out of school from ShangHai University. However, he was keen on literature and strongly believed in himself. Finally, his effort and confidence brought him great success!
In my view, he is really an idol of us and we should learn from him!

 
点评:
在描述人物背景的部分懂得运用as well as和非限定性定从来叙述信息;此外,在介绍作品的时候用到with短语以及让步状语从句,这些都能体现写作用语的丰富性。Besides,finally,however等连接性词语使文章更为流畅,更加紧密。时态和信息都能准确选取和表达。有些从句用得比较生硬,动词、介词搭配和冠词也有错误。
 
  4、分项分档评分表
项目
要素
给分表
内容
6分
1切合题意,体现要点
2有所发挥
6
准确性
6分
1语法
2词组句型
3机械性:大小写,拼写和格式等错误
3.5
流畅性3分
段落,过渡词,过渡句
3
自评总分: 12.5
 
 
5. 参考例文:
Guo Jingming was born on 6 June, 1983 in Sichuan Province. He is well known as a Chinese novelist and the chief editor of “Zui Novel”.
As a writer, Guo created his first work called “The Edge of Love And Pain” in 2002. Since then, he has written over 30 works, among which a series named “Tiny times” is very popular with young readers. “Tiny times” mainly describe about a group of youth and their university lives. The works reveal the writer’s opinions about our society. So they turned out to be a success.
Most teenagers like him because he sticks to his dream of literature and becomes successful through hard work. Although dropping out of school from Shanghai University, he still kept on reading and learning. It is his confidence and love for literature that lead to his great honor. In my opinion,he is successful and we should learn from him.
 
四、练习
( 作文一)
假设上周末你与朋友刚看完美国电影《地心历险记2:神秘岛》(Journey 2: The Mysterious Island)。请根据以下提示,写一篇英语观后感,向你校的“电影分享”栏目投稿,内容包括:
剧情介绍:《地心历险记2:神秘岛》是一部流行的美国青少年电影,讲述17岁的男孩Sean等四人寻找神秘岛,拯救了岛上唯一的人类居民的历险故事。
观后感想:这是我看过最好的电影。理由是:
1).3D效果很好。比如鸟语花香的岛屿,最后的海底世界,以及蜜蜂斗大鸟等场面给我留下了很深的印象.
2).从剧中人物身上看到冒险、勇气、家庭温暖和欢乐的结局,使人感觉非常刺激,非常开心。
3)不仅有趣,而且有教育意义(meaningful /instructive)。
3.向大家推荐此电影
                                                         2018年广州市中考英语作文专题复习(四)文学故事与诗歌
解题思路:
1. 审题:
a) 本文共有    个要点
b) 时态主要采用           
c) 人称是_________
2. 可能用到的词语(写在要点旁边)

3. 可能用到的句型
   
4. 成文:
 
检查思路:
完成作文自查表:
1. 如果没有问题的,请在项目后打√。
2. 如果有问题,请在项目中圈出来,并在文中做出修改。
项目
 第一次自查
第二次自查
布局与内容要点
 
 
人称 时态、主谓一致
 
 
动词搭配、介词搭配
 
 
拼写错误
 
 
好词好句
 
 
 5、分项分档评分表
项目
要素
给分表
内容
6分
1切合题意,体现要点
2有所发挥
 
准确性
6分
1语法
2词组句型
3机械性:大小写,拼写和格式等错误
 
流畅性3分
段落,过渡词,过渡句
 
自评总分:
 
参考例文:
Last weekend, I watched a popular American movie Journey 2: The Mysterious Island with my classmates. This is the best movie I have ever seen. It describes a adventure story about a 17-year-old boy called Sean and his other three partners who looked for the mysterious island and saved the only human on the island.
    I like this movie so much that I think it is the best film that I have ever seen. First the 3D effect is really fantastic such as the amazing island with birds singing and flowers everywhere, the last seabed world and the scene where the bee fought against the big bird made a deeep impression on me. Besides, I can see risk, courage, the family warmth and a merry ending from the characters, which make me feel extremely excited and very relaxed. Not only it is interesting but also it is instructive. If you feel like watching a movie, Journey 2: The Mysterious Island is surely a good choice.
( 作文二)
请你阅读这首你很熟悉的古诗, 先写出这首诗的意思,再结合生活实际谈谈你的读后感。字数在80字左右。
In the noon sun farmers hoe their fields;
Their sweat keeps dripping into the soil.
Be sure to value the food for our meals
As every grain of it comes from hard toil
Hints : hoe锄头 drip 滴下toil 辛苦
解题思路:
1.审题:
d) 本文共有    个要点
e) 时态主要采用           
f) 人称是_________
2.可能用到的词语(写在要点旁边)
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
3.可能用到的句型
    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
4.成文:
  ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
检查思路:
完成作文自查表:
3. 如果没有问题的,请在项目后打√。
4. 如果有问题,请在项目中圈出来,并在文中做出修改。
项目
 第一次自查
第二次自查
布局与内容要点
 
 
人称 时态、主谓一致
 
 
动词搭配、介词搭配
 
 
拼写错误
 
 
好词好句
 
 
 
参考例文:
 
The poem described us a lively picture of the farmers’s hard work. The farmers devoted all their lives to the agriculture field. In spite of the hot weather, they insisted on hoeing their fields , letting the sweat keep dripping into the soil.
After reading the poem, I think we should value the life that we have .We are used to enjoying the comfortable life. So sometimes we can’t understand how hard farmers are. As a matter of fact, every grain comes from hard toil.
    We should not only treasure the food for our meals but also study hard! The harder we work, the more we can understand the farmers as well as the true meaning of life.
 
( 作文三)
当今有不少小说被改编成电影。有人喜欢看电影,有人喜欢看小说。以 “Film and novel, which do you prefer ?” 为题,按照下列要点写一篇80词左右的英语短文。
注意:1.电影:省时、有趣、易懂
2.小说:享受精彩的描述、学习优美的语言
3.我的看法和理由
解题思路:
1.审题:
g) 本文共有    个要点
h) 时态主要采用           
i) 人称是_________
2.可能用到的词语(写在要点旁边)
3.可能用到的句型
   
4.成文:
 
 
检查思路:
完成作文自查表:
如果没有问题的,请在项目后打√。
如果有问题,请在项目中圈出来,并在文中做出修改。
项目
 第一次自查
第二次自查
布局与内容要点
 
 
人称 时态、主谓一致
 
 
动词搭配、介词搭配
 
 
拼写错误
 
 
好词好句
 
 
 
参考例文:
                     Film and novel, which do you prefer ?
     Some people think it better to see the film than to read the novel. The reason is that it takes less time to know the whole story. Besides, the film is usually more interesting with the music and actions, and it also helps you understand the story better.
     Others, however, believe that by reading the novel, they can enjoy the wonderful descriptions and learn the beautiful language.
     Personally, I prefer novels. I always like to read a novel with a cup of tea and quietly communicate with the author. It helps improve our reading skills in a relaxed way.


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