||新目标九年级Unit10 You’re supposed to shake hands.课文重难点知识点详细讲解
|新目标九年级Unit10 You’re supposed to shake hands.课文重难点知识点详细讲解|
|作者：佚名 文章来源：网络 点击数： 更新时间：2018/4/17 14:50:01 |
Unit10 You’re supposed to shake hands.课文重难点知识点详细讲解
1.be supposed to 的用法
用法一：be supposed to... 其中to是动词不定式符号，不是介词，其后要跟动词原形。 当be supposed to... 的主语是“人” 时，意为“应该......；“被期望......，它可以用来表示劝告、建议、义务、责任等，相当于情态动词should。 如：
Everyone is supposed to wear a seat-belt in the car. 每个人在汽车里都应该系安全带。
Teachers are supposed to treat all the students alike. 老师应该对所有的学生一视同仁。
用法二：当be supposed to... 的主语是“物”时，它表示“本应；本该”，用于表示“某事本应该发生而没有发生”。
如：The new laws are supposed to prevent crime. 这些新法令本应该起到防止犯罪的作用。
The train was supposed to arrive half an hour ago. 火车本应在半小时之前到达。
用法三： be supposed to后面接“have + 过去分词”时，表示“本应该做某事而没做”。如：You are supposed to have handed in your homework by now. 现在你应该已经把作业交上来了。
He is supposed to have arrived an hour ago. 他应该一小时前就到了。
用法四： be supposed to... 的否定结构为be not supposed to...,它常用于口语中，意为“不被许可；不应当”。如：
She was not supposed to be angry about that. 她本不该为那件事而生气的。
You are not supposed to smoke on the bus. 你不应该在公共汽车上吸烟
2.be expected to do 和 be supposed to do 区别
be supposed to do是被期望或要求,应该.相对于be expected to do 主观性强一些.它相当于should的这个用法是有希望做（成）......expect在朗文的第一词条即为：预料、期待。
例：They are expected to make an announcement later on today.
再次例句中，be expected to do意为预料，表示一种可能性
再如：She is expected to be a good doctor.（他有希望成为一名好医生)
1. I expect a snowstorm. 我预计会有一场暴风雪。
2. The old man is expecting his daughter’s visit.这个老人盼望着他女儿的到访。
3. I expect to get a birthday present from my dad. 我期待着收到一件来自父亲的礼物。
4. Do you expect him to teach you English? 你希望他教你英语吗？
5. I didn’t expect that you would get there so soon. 我没想到你会这么快就到达那里了。
1. expect + n. / pron. 预计......可能发生；期待某人或某物
2. expect + to do sth. 料想做某事
3. expect sb. to do sth. 期望某人做某事 4. expect + 从句 预计 / 料想......
1. relax是动词，不及物或及物动词，及物时，宾语是sb ，使某人放松、使某人休息、使某人轻松。
Now I want to rest and relax. 不及物 现在我得休息一下，放松放松
I need a cup of tea to relax myself.及物 我需要喝杯茶使自己轻松一下。
2. relaxed，形容词 某人感到轻松、放松、不受拘束的。指某人“感到”轻松。可以这样理解，形容人如何如何。同interested\excited\surprised\bored\tired有类似用法。 如 He is feeling relaxed.或He is relaxed The song can make me relaxed.
3. relaxing形容词 某事情令人轻松的，指某事某物“令人”轻松。可以这样理解 ，修饰物或事。同interesting\exciting\surprising\boring\tiring有类似用法。 如：
The song is relaxing. 这首歌真使人轻松。
You can listen to relaxing music in the bath! （修饰music） 你甚至可以边洗澡边听（令人）轻松的音乐。
5.As soon as的用法
1. 一经...;立即...;一...就... as soon as表示一。。。就，其中的从句通常用一般现在时表示将来时。
1、指未发生的动作，规律是：主句一般将来时，从句用一般现在时代替一般将来时 如：I will tell him the news as soon as he comes back。
注：有时，为了特意表达刚刚完成某事就如何如何，需要用现在完成时。 如：I will go with you as soon as I have washed my face.
如 He took out his English books as soon as he sat down 不过，我也见过从句和主句都用一般现在时的情况。
如：As soon as he finishes his classwork, he runs out of the class.
1. Come here as soon as you finish the work. 工作一结束你就到这里来。
2. He jumped out of bed as soon as he was called.一听到有人叫他，他立即跳下床来。
3. Let's talk the matter over as soon as we are conveniently alone. 让我们单独在一起的时候再讨论这件事情吧。
4. As soon as Marie opened the door, the dog ran in.当玛丽一打开门，狗就跑了进来。
5. As soon as I stepped inside,my glasses misted over. 我一踏进里面，眼镜马上蒙了一层雾。
1. 伸出；拿出：例句: They all held out their hands to welcome me. 他们全都伸出双手欢迎我。Martha held out a cheongsam for us to look. 玛莎拿出一件中国旗袍展示给我们看。
2. 提出，提供；抱有(希望等)： 例句:
When talking about cooperation agreement, they held out several harsh terms. 当会谈谈到合作协议时，他们提出了一些苛刻的条件。
He said he held out a good opinion of Mary as soon as he saw her. 他说他一见到玛丽就对她抱有好感。
例句: They held out against enemy for six months. 他们坚持不屈抗击敌人达六个月之久。
4. 继续运转：例句: This old machine will hold out for another 20 years.这台老机器还会再运转20年。
5. 继续生存，支撑；维持：例句: It's not easy for him to hold out to the end. 他很难坚持到底。Such a situation held out for another half a month. 这种局面又维持了半个月。
例句: All items had been talked over, but he held out at last. 所有的条款均已协商好，可最后他竟拒绝签约。
7. 声称：例句: He held himself out as my uncle.他自称是我的叔叔。
8. [美国口语]扣留；隐瞒(常与 of 连用)：
例句: Their salaries were held out for a long time. 他们的工资被扣发了很长时间。
He told her the course of the incident of which he held out some details. 他把事情的经过告诉了她，可向她隐瞒了其中的某些细节
That watch was valued at $100. 那只表估计值一百美元。 I value this necklace at $5,000. 我估计这条项链值五千美元。
My father values honesty beyond all things. 我父亲把诚实看得比什么都重要。
8.drop by 随便来，随便来玩，随便走访，非正式访问
例句： Drop by whenever you have time. 如果有空随便来
Drop by whenever you feel like it. 随时即兴就来我这儿坐坐
I'll drop by on my way home if I have time有空的话回家途中我会顺便来看你
I have to drop by the bank to get some money 我得到银行去取一下钱
She and Mary are dropping by later. 她和玛丽一会儿要来坐坐
drop by和 drop in
drop by和 drop in都表示顺便拜访 区别在于drop in后面可以跟on、at加宾语， 而drop by一般不这么使用。 另外，drop in含有临时生出主意造访的意思，造访未经事先安排，而drop by不强调这层含义 drop in at和drop in on都表示顺便拜访，是drop in的延伸，区别在于后面接的宾语，前者接表示处的名词或代词，后者接表示人的。
例如I'd drop in on you /at your house when in free.
9.It is +adj+for sb to do sth与It is+adj+of sb to do sth
It is+adj.+of sb. +to do sth中的adj.跟sb.有关,这个adj.是用来形容sb.的, 表示某人这么做真是太adj.了．
你会发现在这个句型中你把sb.和adj.提出来可以造个句sb. is(are) adj. 如It‘s very kind of you to help me. 把里面的sb.和adj.提出来可以发现you are kind是说得通的.而It is +adj.+for sb.+to do sth表示做某事对某人来说很adj.这里的adj.是do sth.的属性里面的sb.跟adj.没有直接联系
如It‘s difficult for you to deal with the problem.
你就不能说you are difficult了吧
It’s very kind of you to help me. 你能帮我，真好。
It’s clever of you to work out the maths problem.你真聪明，解出了这道数学题。 若形容词仅仅是描述事物，不是对不定式行为者的品格进行评价，用for sb.，这类形容词有difficult，easy，hard，important，dangerous，（im）possible等。
It’s very dangerous for children to cross the busy street. 对孩子们来说，穿过繁忙的街道很危险。
It’s difficult for us to finish the work. 对我们来说，完成这项工作很困难。 of sb. 的句型通常都可转换为不定式作状语的句子，但for sb. 句型不可以。
It’s very nice of you to offer me a seat. = You are nice to offer me a seat. 十分感谢你给我让座。
It is careless of him to lose so many things. = He is careless to lose so many things. 他丢了这么多东西，真是太粗心了。
It’s very important for you to practise your oral English in daily life. 在日常生活中练习你的英语口语非常重要的。
这句话不能说成：It is very important of you to practise„
在英语学习的过程中，大家会对句型"It is+adj+of(for)+sb to do sth"的掌握有些模糊，在运用中，是用of ... to do sth还是for ... to do sth 呢？我们可以从以下六点来区别使用它们。
一、of... to do sth只能用在句中作主语，且主语常用it代替；而for... to do sth除在句中作主语外，还可作表语、宾语、定语或状语。例如：
It is necessary for you to learn from others. 你必须向他人学习。(主语)
My suggestion is for you to go to Beijing University. 我建议你去念北京大学 。(表语)
I have a lot of work for you to do. 我有许多工作要你去做。(定语)
二、for... to do sth在句中作主语时，其表语可以是形容词也可以是名词；而of... to do sth作主语时，只能接形容词做表语。例如：
It is impossible for you to get there in such a short time. 你在那么短的时间内到达那是不可能的。
It will be a mistake for you to miss the chance.你错过那个机会将是个错误。
It was too foolish of you to do so. 你那么做真是太愚蠢了。
三、 of... to do sth在句中作主语时，句子只能是"主语+be+表语"；而for... to do sth在句中作主语时，句子既能是"主语+be+表语"，也可以是"主语＋谓语＋宾语"。例如：It is impolite of you to fool your teacher. 你欺骗老师是不礼貌的。
It is possible for me to spend one hour finishing the job. 我花费一个小时去完成那项工作是可能的。
It will take one hour for me to finish the job. 完成那项工作将花费我一个小时。
四、 在for... to do sth结构中，不定式的逻辑主语可以是人或物，也可以是引导词there；而of... to do sth结构中，不定式的逻辑主语只能是人或物。例如：
It is important for you to study hard. 努力学习对你很重要。
It is a good idea for the book to be given to her. 把这本书送给她是个好主意 。 It is a pity for there to be any disagreement in the family. 家庭不和实为憾事。
It is wrong of you to tell a lie. 你说谎是不对的。
五、 在of... to do sth结构中，of后面的名词或代词与前面的形容词(kind, clever, foolish, selfish, polite, right, wrong, careful...)有逻辑上的主表关系;而在for... to do sth结构中，for后面的名词或代词与前面的形容词(easy, hard, difficult, possible, necessary, important, heavy...)没有逻辑上的主表关系。例如：
It is kind of you to lend me so much money. 你心肠真好，借给我那么多钱 。
It is hard for you to translate the sentence into English. 你把这个句子翻译成英语是有困难的。
但是，当这个形容词可用来说明of后面的名词或代词的性质时，easy, hard, difficult等词也可用于of... to do sth结构中。
The beautiful girl is easy to work with. 那个漂亮女孩很好共事。
六、 有些形容词(如nice ,right, wrong, good, wise 等)既可用于of... to do sth结构，也可用于for... to do sth结构中；但两者之间的强调重点不同，意义也有区别。例如：
It is wise of them to turn down the suggestion. 他们很明智，拒绝了这个建议。
It is wise for them to turn down the suggestion. 他们拒绝这个建议是明智的。
前句强调them是wise的；后句强调to turn down the suggestion 是wise的
stick (sth) in/into/through sth插入活刺穿某物
Remembering this, he felt as if someone had stuck a sharp stick into his side. 记住这一点，他觉得如果有人坚持急剧坚持到他身边。
stick at sth坚持做 stick by sb继续支持某人 stick sth out使某物突出
11.point at，point to，point out point at，point to和point out的意思都与“指”有关，但还是有一定区别。 point at习惯上表示指向离说话人较近的事物，意为“指着”，at是介词，着重于指的对象。
Don’t point at the words while you are reading. 读书时不要用手指着字。
The teacher pointed at the blackboard and said，“You must look carefully.” 老师指着黑板说:“你必须看仔细。”
He pointed to the house on the other side of the river and said，“That’s my home.” 他指着河对岸的房子说:“那是我家。”
As he started the operation，the hour hand of the clock pointed to 9. 他开始手术时，时针指着九点。
The teacher pointed out many mistakes in my homework. 老师指出我作业里的许多错误。
Will you please point out the man who saved the boy’s life? 请你指出那个救男孩性命的人好吗?
12.go out of one's way to do sth 特地（不怕麻烦地）做某事
He always goes out of his way to help me when I am in trouble.
一、 由"what"引导的感叹句："what"意为"多么"用作定语，修饰名词（被强调部分），单数可数名词前要加不定冠词a/an,复数可数名词或不可数名词前不用冠词。这类句子的结构形式是： what+(a/an)+adj.+n.+主语+谓语+(it is).
如： ① What a clever girl she is! 多么聪明的姑娘呀！
② What an interesting story it is! 多么有趣的故事呀！
③ What good children they are! 他们是多么好的孩子呀！
④ What beautiful flowers they are! 多么漂亮的花呀！
⑤ What delicious food it is! 多么有味的食物呀！
⑥ What heavy snow it is! 多么大的雪呀！
二、由"how"引导的感叹句："how"意为"多么"，用作状语，修饰形容词或副词（被强调部分）。如果修饰形容词，则句中的谓语动词用系动词；如果how修饰副词，则句中的谓语动词用行为动词，这类句子的结构形式是： How+adj.（adv.）+主语+谓语+(it is).
如：① How cold it is today! 今天多么冷呀！
② How nice the pictures are! 多么漂亮的图画呀！
③ How happy they look! 他们显得多么高兴呀！
④ How well she sings! 她唱得多好呀！
⑤ How hard they are working now! 他们干得多么起劲呀！
① What a hot day it is! How hot the day is ! 多么热的天气呀！
② What tall buildings they are! How tall the buildings are! 多么高的楼房呀！
③ What bad weather it is! How bad the weather is! 多么糟糕的天气呀！
④ What bright sunshine it is! How bright the sunshine is! 多么明亮的阳光呀！
① What a fine day! 多么晴朗的天呀！
② What an honest boy! 多么诚实的孩子呀！
③ What red apples! 多么红的苹果呀！
④ How cool! 好凉快呀！
⑤ How wonderful! 精彩极了！
14.besides,except,but,except for,except that/when的区别：
1）besides表示“除了......以外，还有”。例如：Besides Mr,Wang,we also went to see the film.（王先生也去了）注意：besides 用于否定句中时，与except,but同义。例如：We have no other books besides(except)these.
We all went to see the film except Mr.Wang.(王先生没去）
3）but 意为“除了”，与except同义，except强调被排除的部分，but 则强调整句的内容，常修饰否定意义的代词或疑问代词。例如：Nobody knew it but me.
Who would do such a thing but Jack?
4) except for:当except用在句首时，往往后面要加上for。 例如：
Except for this,everything is in order.=Everything is in order except this.
还应注意：except for 不在句首时， 有“除了因为......（with the exception of）”的意思，即表示除去整体中的一部分，它所叙述的事实或细节部分地修正句子的主要意思。例如：
The composition is very good except for a few spelling mistakes. The village is quiet except for some birds singing in the woods.
Do you know any other foreign language_____ English? A except B but C beside D besides
advice 不可数名词 suggestion 可数名词 advise sb to do sth suggest sb(宾格) doing sth 或 suggest sb(主格) (should) do ,should 可以省略 例如:
I suggested him going home. I suggested he should go home.= I suggested he go home.
祈使句，+ and/or + 陈述句
祈使句，+ and + 陈述句: 在这里祈使句相当于if 引导的条件状语从句（但此时去掉and）。
Give blood ( if you can )and many lives will be saved.
还可以用简短的形式表示，即省略动词。Give me one more hour, and I’ll get the work finished.（祈使句） =One more hour, and I’ll get the work finished.（名词短语）
= If you give me one more hour, I’ll get the work finished.（if条件句） =If I am given one more hour, I’ll get the work finished. = Given one more hour, I’ll get the work finished. More effort, and you will succeed. Another attempt, and you will get it.
One more minute, and the patient would have bled to death.
祈使句，+ or + 陈述句 Listen to the teacher carefully in class, or you can’t catch what he is saying.
16.look forward to的用法
look forward to 后面只能跟 动名词 或名词 意思和expect to do sth 一样 I am looking forward to seeing you soon. = I expect to see you soon.
I am looking forward to your early reply. = I extpect to receive your reply 而且 一般都是 be looking forward to doing sth 表示一直期待的意思
1. worth： be worth + n. 当名词为金钱时，表示“......值得„...... be worth doing sth.“......某事值得被做”
The question is not worth discussing again and again.
2. worthy： be worthy of +n. 当名词为抽象名词时表示“......值得„...... be worthy to be done“某事值得被做”
The question is not worthy to be discussed againand again.
Unit10 You’re supposed to shake hands.
1. In your country, what are you supposed to do when you meet someone for the first time? 在你们国家，当你第一次见到某人的时候你应该做什么？
【解析】be supposed to do sth 被期望做某事,应该做......
1)当主语是人时,表示劝告、建议、责任等，=should =“to be expected to do sth, You are supposed to___________( arrive) on time
2)当主语是物时，表示“本应；本该” The train was supposed to arrive half an hour ago.
【拓展】 ： be supposed to 与 should
(1) be supposed 是 suppose 一词的 ___________ 语态结构。 后接动词不定式，相当于___________ .后接不定式. 即：_______________ . 使用较随便，建议性强 否定式为 be not supposed to do sth.
（ ） To keep safe, drivers aren’t supposed to drink before driving.
A. aren’ t willing to B. shouldn’ t C. aren’ t sure to D. don’ t have to
(2)should 后接动词______ ， 属于_______ 语态形式， 使用起来较严肃和正式；
You are not supposed to shake hands. = You shouldn’t shake hands.你不应与之握手。
“Henry, you ______ tell the teacher if you want to go out of the classroom.” “Sorry, sir.”
A. are supposed to B. are surprised to C. are afraid to
8. You are _____to type quickly when talking to each other on QQ so the other person doesn't get bored
A. suggested B. supported C. taught D. Supposed
29. You are supposed to ________ smoking, ________ you will get ill.
A. go on; so B. give up; or C stop; so
27. The students ought to wear school uniforms when they’ re at school.
A. are supposed to B. are allowed to C. would like to D. love to
29. We are supposed to ___________a solution to stop people from looking d own at their mobile phones while driving cars.
A. come up with B. come form C. come out D. come true
解析2．for the first time 首先，第一次
【辨析】at first/first of all
(1) at first = at the beginning 最初，开 始
(2) first of all 首先， 第一 【表 明陈述事情的重要性】
( ) When you want to work for our country in the future, ____, we should have strong body and rich knowledge.
A. at first B. first of all C. for the first time D. after all
We can do a lot to stay healthy. ____ , we should eat a balanced(平衡的) diet.
A. At a time B. In fact C. First of all D. All together
有关 time 的短语
in time 及时 on time 准时 have a good time 玩得 开心 at the same time 同时
all the time 一直，总是 take one’s time 从容不迫 kill the time： 消磨时间 at times 不时 from time to time 有时 at that time 在那时
Do you remember the day when we met for the ___ time? A. first B. one C. once D. firstly
24. Children always have a good t ime at the Wetland Park(湿地公园) of Liu Panshui.
A. enjoy themselves B. help each other C. look beautiful D. have a big dinner
3. You’re supposed to shake hands 你应该握手。
【解析】shake→shook→shaken v 摇动，震动
shake hands 握手 shake hands with sb./ shake one's hands 与某人握手
① When we meet Americans for the first time, we should _________(握手)with them. （ ）
②People in China ________when they meet for the first time.
A. bow B. kiss C. shake hands D. laugh
You’re supposed to shake ______ (hand) when you meet your friends.
4.In the United States, they’re expected to shake hands. 在美国，他们 应该握手。
【解析】expect v 预料
(1) expect to do sth 预计做某事
(2) expect sb. to do sth 期待某人做某事= look forward to doing sth 期待做某事
(3)I expect so/not
① I expect the group ________(sing) pop songs.
( ) ②— Do you think our football team will win the match?
— Yes, we have better players. so I ___them to win. A. hope B. ask C. help D. expect
【 2013 山东青岛】
14. — You look sad. What has happened? — Everyone ______ us to win the match, but we lost. A. expects B. expected C. hopes D. Hoped
30. Speak slowly, Mr. Wang. I can’t follow you. A. understand B. hear C. listen D. expect
(4) sb. be expected to do sth. 被期望做某事/应该要做某事
Everyone in the class is expected to take part in the discussion. 希望全班同学参加讨论。
5. greeted Paul’s mother the wrong way 以错误的方式问候了保罗的妈妈
【解析】greet =to welcome or say “hello” v “问候,打招呼” greet with sb.向某人问候
She greeted me with a friendly smile.她向我微笑致意。
6. I met a Japanese boy called Sato, and as soon as I held out my hand, he bowed. 我遇到一个叫佐藤的日本男孩，我刚一伸出手，他就鞠了一躬。
【解析 1】as soon as 一......就...... （引导时间状语从句，从句用一般现在时， 主句用一般将来时）
I’ll go to visit my aunt in England ___the summer holidays start.
A．while B．since C. until D. as soon as
Boys and girls, calm down and focus on the test paper _____ you begin to think about the answers. Be confident. You can do it!
A. as if B. as soon as C. although
－Henry, please call us as soon as you_____ Hawaii. －OK. I’ll do that, Mom.
A. arrive in B. are arriving in C. will arrive at
—Will you please give the Readers Times to Jane? — Sure，I'll give it to her____ she comes back.
A. before B. until C. because D. as soon as
— When will you return the book to me? — I’ll give it to you ___ I finish it.
A.once B.until C.as soon as D.until
37. Your uncle will come to see you as soon as he ___ here.
A. arrives B. arrived C. will arrive D. is arriving
7.hold out 伸出； 坚持
hold out one’s hands hold out my hand 伸出我的 手
She held out her hand to take the rope. 她伸手去抓那根绳子。
hold on 抓住; (打电话时用语)别挂断...
hold up 举起;. hold back 阻碍; hold off 不使挨近; 挡住; 耽搁; 离开 hold down 压制; 压 缩 hold on to 坚持; 不放弃 hold in 压住; 忍耐; 抑制
（ ） Li Lei wanted to tell her everything, but something made him ______. A. hold up B. hold back C. hold on D. hold out
【 35. — May I speak to Rachel? — ____,but I’m afraid you have the wrong number. A. Yes, please B. hold on C. This is Tom D. Sorry
56. I want to know if an English Singing Competition ____ next month. A. will hold B. will be held C. holds D. is held
33. —Excuse me, could you please tell me if the sports meeting ________ ontime? —Hard to say. If it ____ tomorrow, we’ll have to put it off.
A. will hold; rains B. will be held; rains C. will be held; will rain D. holds; will rain
The Second Youth Olympic Games in Nanjing on the sixteenth of August, 2014.
A. will hold B. will be held C. was held D. is holding
8. We don’t like to rush around, so we don’t mind if people are a little late sometimes. 我们不喜欢匆匆忙忙的，所以有时如果有人迟到一会儿，我们 也不介意。
【解析】run → run →run v 跑 rush out 冲出去 rush hour 交通拥挤时间 rush around 匆匆忙忙；东奔西跑 run away =flee 逃跑 run out of =use up 用 完 run off 跑掉 (其后不直接跟宾语，常与 to/ from 连用)
All the students ran off from their classroom to the playground when the earthquake happened. 7.If you tell a friend you’re going to their house for dinner,it’s OK if you arrive a bit late.
【解析】a bit 稍微；有点，修饰形容词、副词的比较级。
( )① Try your best, Linda, It’s only ___ difficult for you , you can do it well
A a bit of B a bit C a lot of D a lot
（ ）②If you arrive _______late, I don’t mind.
A. little B. a bit of C. a little bit of D. a bit
【拓展】a bit / a little 辨析：
【相同点】a bit 和 a little 作程度副词修饰形容词、副词、动词或比较级时， 意义相同，为“一点儿, 有些”。
He walked a bit / a little slowly.他走 路有点慢。
【不同点】a little 可直接修饰名词；而 a bit 后须加 of 才可以。
There is a little water in the bottle.= There is a bit of water in the bottle.
否定形式： not a little 作状语，相当于 very / quite, “很， 非常”； 作 定语和宾语时， 相当于 much, 意为 “许多”。
not a bit 作状语时， 相当于 not at all, 意为“一点也不”，作宾语时则相当于 not much。
He is not a little (= very) hungry. 他饿极了。
He is not a bit (= not at all) hungry. 他一 点也不饿。
用 a bit 或 a little 填空。
1. There is _________ time left.
2. I would like you to stay for _________ if you have time.
3. This will give us a _________ of time.
4. He went to sleep soon, for he was not _________ tired.
5. I don't want to stop to have a rest, because I am not _________ tired. With a little training, she could do very well in the competition. A. few B. a few C. a bit D. a bit of
8.We often just drop by our friends’ homes if we have time 如果我们有时间，我们经常回顺便 拜访朋友家。
【解析】 drop by 顺便拜访 可以直接使用,也可以在 by 后面加表示地点的词。 Drop by often when you are free.有空时常来拜访。
drop by sb. = drop in on sb. 顺便走访某人
drop by one’s home = drop in (at) +地点 拜访„
【拓展】drop in“拜访,到访”, 后接人时,要借助于介词 on；drop in on sb. 后接地点时要借助于介词 at。
Don’t forget to drop in on your teacher. =Don’t forget to drop in at your teacher’s home. 不要忘了顺便去拜访一 下你的老师。
① When I return to my hometown, I usually ______(顺便看望) my old friends. ）
② — Do you often _____your friends’ homes? — Yes, we do A. drop by them. B. drop off C. drop at D. drop on )
③People in colombia needn’t make plans to meet their friends .They often just drop by
A. give a ride to B. give up visiting C. forget to visit D. come over to
【2012 山东济南】 — Could you please _B______ the music? My baby is sleeping. —Sorry. I will do it right away.
A. open up B. turn down C. drop by D. dress up
【追踪训练】 ( )① I often drop ________ my uncle’s home. A. by B. over C. in D. in
( )② We always _______ our friends’ homes without ______ plans.
A. drop by; make B. drop by; making C. visit; make D. visit; to make
( )③ I would drop in on you when I passed your home.
A. drop behind B. drop by to see C. take care of D. go out of
38. Will you drop_________us tomorrow evening for a talk? A. on in B. on at C. in at D. in on
55. While going on business in Shanghai, he______ on his relatives. A. dropped in B. visited C. saw D. called at
9.We often just walk around the town center, seeing as many of our friends as we can!
【解析】as... as one can 尽可能......,尽量...... = as ... as possible
10.So I make an effort to be on time when I meet my friends 所以当我与 我的朋友们见面的时候，我努力准时到。
【解析】make an effort to do sth 努力做某事
11.Also, we never visit a friend’s house without calling first. 而且，我们从不未通电话便拜访朋友家
23.Don’t go to school _____ breakfast .It’s a bad habit. A.after B.with C.without
11. I hope the train will arrive on time, but it’s ____ my control.
A. within B. without C. under D. beyond
37. Mom always tells me that nothing can be learned _______ hard work. A. with B. by C. for D. without
12.When you go abroad, it is important to bring your passport. 当你出国时，带上你的护照很重要。
【解析 1】abroad adv 在国外；到国外 My father often goes abroad. abroad 用法：表示到（在）国外，是一个副词，前面不加介词。
go abroad 出国 live abroad 住在国外 at home and abroad 在国内外 13. After class, students are expected to clean the chalk off the blackboard. 下课后，学生们应该 把黑板上的粉笔擦干净。
【解析】clean ... off 把......擦掉
【拓展】clean up 把......打扫干净（v. + adv.） clean up the table = clean the table up
The classroom was so dirty . I decided ____. A. clean it up B. to clean it up C. clean up it
31. — Oh, dear! Your room is untidy. — Sorry, mom. I’ll _____. A.set it up B.clean it up C.put it up D.look it up
32.Alice likes doing housework.She ________her room every afternoon.
A.cleans B.cleaned C.is cleaning D.has cleaned
45. —Dasiy , look at your bedroom , what a mess ! — Sorry , I’ll ______ right now.
A. put up it B. clean up it C. put it up D. clean it up
14. Where I’ m from, we’ re pretty relaxed about time. 在我们国家, 我们对时间相当宽松。
【解析】relax v. 放松
relaxing adj. 使人放松的,令人感到轻松的
relaxed adj. “宽松的, 不加以约束的”, 后面常接介词 about。 be relaxed about 对......感到放松, 对......比较随意
My parents are relaxed about my clothes. 我的父母对我的服装不加约束。
① “放松,消遣”时, 是不可 数名词； ② “休闲活动”是可数名词。
You look very relaxed. Aren’t you busy now? 你看上去非常自在，难道你现在不忙吗？
38.— Why do you look so _____. — Because it’s rainy and I hate rainy days. A. happy B. sad C. relaxed D. tired
98.—Where would you like to go this Mid-Autumn Festival? — I’d like to go_____________.
A. everywhere relaxing B. somewhere relaxing C. peaceful anywhere D. peaceful somewhere
15. We value the time we spend with our family and friends in our everyday lives.
【解析 1】value v“重视；珍视 n“价值” → valuable adj. 贵重的；宝贵 的 Which do you value, wealth or health? 你珍视哪一种,财富还是健康?
① Thank you for your ______________(value) help and practical advice. ( )
② --- Mrs. Black, could you give me some advice on how to write an application letter? --- With pleasure. Remember that the letter should be written in the formal _______．
A. value B. style C. effect D. mood
【解析 2】 (1) every day 每天= each day 做状语，放在句末，对其提问用 how often He exercises every day.
(2) everyday adj. 每天的 ，作定语，修饰 名词，放在名词之前 everyday English 日常英语 Cooking breakfast is her everyday job. 做早饭是她的日常工作。
【拓展】 everyday/every day 的区别： 前者是形容词， 而后者是副词性短语。 1) The man wore __________ clothes.
2) How do you go to school _________?
【记】 Do you speak everyday English every day ? 你天天讲日常英语吗?
We’re the capital of clocks and watches, after all! 毕竟，我们是钟表和手表之 都。
【解析】after all 毕竟
① You should not excuse him for his forgetfulness ,_____________(毕竟)， ( he is over seventy. )
② Don’t be angry with him. _____he is a little child. A. In all B. After all C. Of all D. All after
45.Don’t ask him to study too late into night. _____ , he is only a child. A. As a result B. After all C.On earth D.For example
23．— I’m sorry, sir．I’ve made a lot of mistakes in the exam. Never mind．_______, the exam is a little difficult.
A．In all B．First of all C．After all D．Above all
26. — I’m sorry, sir. I can’t finish the work on time. — Never mind. ________, the work is quite difficult.
A. At least B. For instance C. After all D. First of all 16.If you’re even 15 minutes late, your friend may get mad. 如果你迟到 15 分钟，你的朋友或许会生气
【解析】get mad 大动肝火；气愤
Father won't get mad about your mistake. 父亲不会为你的错失生气的
【拓展】mad adj. 很生气；疯的
be mad at sb.= be angry with sb. ==对某 人生气
She was mad at her husband for forgetting her birthday. 她因为她的丈夫忘了她的生日而生气。
Both brothers are mad about tennis 兄弟俩 对网球都很入迷。
28.Liu Qian as a little boy was so ________ his own magic world that he seldom went out to play with other children.
A. good at B. mad about C. popular with D. afraid of
36.My mother is angry with me because I didn’t finish the homework. A. surprised at B. mad at C. excited at
17. I always leave the house early to avoid heavy traffic. 我总是早早地就离开家以避免交通堵塞。
【解析 1】avoid v 避免 (后接 Ving）
【拓展】后接 ving 形式作宾语的动词还有： Practice 练习 enjoy 喜欢 Keep 保持 后接 ving 形式的 动词 avoid 避免 mind 介意 suggest 建议
【解析 2】traffic n. 交通; 路上行驶的车辆 heavy traffic 交通繁忙, 交通 拥堵, 车水马龙
He got home late because of the heavy traffic. 他回家晚 是因为交通拥挤之故。
52. Rush hour is the time of day when t________ is very heavy.
53. --- Excuse me, haven’t you learned the new _ law? Everyone in a car must wear the seat belt.
---Sorry,we won’t do that again.
A. food B. traffic C. medicine D. Education
18. We usually plan to do something interesting, or go somewhere together. 我们通常计划做一些有 趣的事，或者一起去某地
【解析 1】plan to do 计划做某事
【解析 2】 go somewhere 去某地 somewhere adv. 在某处；到某处
I'm not going home yet. I have to go somewhere else first. 我还不准备回家，我 要先去别的地方。
注意: somewhere 是副词, 前面不可用介词
【拓展】somewhere 常用于肯定句中, anywhere(任何地方)常用于否定句和疑问 句中。在疑 问句中, 可以用 somewhere 或 anywhere, 如果期望对方回答 “是”, 就用 somewhere;如果 不知道对方会回答“是”还是“不是”, 用 somewhere、 anywhere 都可以。
I didn't go anywhere in the neighbourhood. 我没有到附近什么地方去过。
78.There has never been such a beautiful village _____ in the world.
A. anywhere B. everywhere C. somewhere D. nowhere
66. We arrived at the station too early and had ______ to go, so we sat there and chatted with each other.
A. somewhere B. anywhereC. everywhere D. Nowhere
19. it’s important to be on time. 准时很重要。
【解析】be important to sb. 对某人来说非常重要
20.In many eastern European countries, you take off your gloves before shaking hands.
【解析】 take ( take →took → taken) v 带来 从（讲话者）拿走
【短语】 take care 小心 take charge of 负责，看管 take hold of 握住 take off 脱 下/(飞机等）起飞 take out 取出 take a look 看一看 take away 拿走 take exercise 做运动
take it easy 不紧张 take one’s time 从容不迫
( ) ① —Oh ,I’ve left my schoolbag in the classroom. — Don’t worry. I’ll ___it for you.
A. bring B. get C. carry D. take
( ) ② The teacher told the students ____ any food into the classroom . A. not to bring B. not bring C. don’t bring D. to bring not
( )③ — Don’t forget ____ your history and politics books tomorrow morning.
A. bring B. to bring C. bringing
23.— Sam, my iPhone is in my bedroom. Could you _____ it for me? — No problem. A. bring B. fetch C. take D. carry
25.—I’ve left my keys in the meeting room. Please ___them for me. —All right. A. buy B. paint C. wash D. Fetch
30. The Olympic Games of 2016 will _____ in Brazil. A. take after B. take off C. take place D. take away
【2014 临沂 4】 When you are swimming, ________ your ears. You can use earplugs (耳塞) to stop water getting into your ears.
A. take after B. take part in C. take off D. take care of
21. but it is worth the trouble if you want to understand another culture. 但是如果你想理解另外一种文 化，这样的麻烦是值得的。
【解析】be worth doing sth 值得做某事
【2014 江苏泰州】65. The TV program Super Brain（最强大脑）is s o fantastic that it is well worth____ ( watch)．
1. In China, you’re not supposed to stick your chopsticks into the food. 在中国，你不应该把你的筷子插进食物里。
【解析】stick into 插入；伸入
2. They go out of their way to make me feel at home. 他们竭力使我感觉像在自己家里一样。
【解析 1】go out of one’s way 特地；格外努力
go out of one’s way to do sth = try one’s best to do sth 竭力做好某事 He would go out of his wayto help anyone in trouble. 他常不怕麻烦去帮助有困难的人
He went out of his way _______________(make) me happy.
【 与 way 有关的短语】
all the way 一路上 in no way 决不 by the way 顺 便提一下，另外
in a way 在某点，在某种程度上 by way of 经由，通过 ...... 方 式
get in the way 挡道 in one's / the way 妨碍， in this way 用这 种方法
lead the way 带路，引路 lose one's way 迷路 on the / one's way (to) 在去......的路上
【解析 2】make sb. feel at home 使某人感到宾至如归
【拓展】make mistake 犯错误 make a decision 做决定 make one’s bed 整 理床铺 make a noise 制造噪音 make faces 做鬼脸 make friends 交朋友
The Browns tried their best to make me__________(fell) at home.
3. I’m very comfortable speaking French now.
【解析】be comfortable doing sth. 做某事很轻松, 乐意做某事
I feel comfortable talking with you. 和你讲话感觉很舒服。
4. My biggest challenge is learning how to behave at the dinner table 我最大的 挑战是学习如何在餐桌上表现得体
【解析】behave v. 表现；举止 → behavior n. 行为；举止；习性；态度
He behaves himself like a man. 他表现得像一男子汉。
6. I thought that was pretty strange at first, ...
(1)adv“颇；相当地” 常用于口语，只可以修饰其他形容词 或副词 After six months, I could speak Chinese pretty well. 6 个月之后, 我就能讲相当好的汉语了
What a pretty little garden! 多么漂亮的小花园！
【注】pretty 语气较 beautiful 弱,且大多用来指年轻的女性, 一般不用来描 写成年男性。 pretty 也可以用于男女儿童, 表示漂亮、 活泼、 可爱
7. you’re not supposed to eat anything with your hands except bread „ 除了面包， 你不应该用双手吃任何东西。
【解析】except prep. 除„之外
【辨析】： except “除......之外” （不包含 在内） besides “除......之外（还）”（指除去的部分包括在前面提到的范围之内。）
( ) All of us went to the park _____ Bob. He had to look after his sister.
A. besides B. with C. Except
—Is Jack good at basketball? —Yes. ______ basketball he is also good at table tennis.
A. Except B. Besides C. But D. Beside
38.— All the workers went home yesterday ________ Mr. White. Why?
— Because he was on duty.
A. except B. besides C. except for D. beside
49.Everyone else in my class was invited _____________ (除 了) me, and I don’t know why.
58.After the whole day’s voluntary work, I felt fine __________ (除......之 外) for being a little tired.
8. Another thing is that it’s impolite to say that you’re full.
【解析】 full adj. 吃饱的； 满的， 充满的
【辨析】be full of/ (be) filled with
【共同点】 “充满„”, 有时可以换用。
A: The basket is filled with flowers. B: The basket is ____ ____ flowers.
【不同点】be full of 指“充满的”这一状态, (be) filled with 通常指动作。 36.So songs were often ____ anger．A. filled with B. short of C. in need of
9. but I gradually getting used to it. 但是我逐渐习惯。
【解析】get used to = be used to，“习惯于某事或做某事的意思”， to 为 介词，后接名词或动名词，不能跟动词原形。
They have got used to getting up early in the morning. 他们已习惯早起。
be / get used to 结构可以用 于各种时态中,。
You’ll be / get used to the work soon. 你不久就会习惯 这个工作的
【注意】在学习 be used to 结构时,一定要注意它与以下几个结构的区别: used to do sth.意为“过去常常”,在这里 to 是动词不定式符号；
be used to do sth. 和 be used for doing sth.意为“被用来做某事”, 是被动结构。 John used to smoke. 约翰过去抽烟。
This kind of wood can be used to make violins. 这种木头可以用来制作小提琴。
10.You have to cut it up and eat it with a fork.你必须把它切碎，用叉子吃。
【解析】cut up 切碎；切开
【拓展】与 cut 有关的短语 cut down 砍倒 cut one’s hair 理发 cut up 切 碎 cut in 插嘴 cut off 切断，停止
drop by 顺便拜访 after all 毕竟/终归 get mad 大动肝火/气愤
make an effort 作出努力clean sth off 把„擦掉 take off 脱下/起飞
go out of one’s way to..特地/格外努力 make sb feel at home 使某人宾至如归 be used to doing 习惯于 shake hands 握手 Sb be supposed to do 被期望做/应该做
Sb be expected to do 被期待着做„ be important to do (做)„是重要的 meet for the first time 首次见面 make some mistakes 犯一些错误
the welcome party 欢迎晚会 make friends 交朋友 be expected to do 被期待着„
hold hand 伸手 to one’s surprise 使„惊讶的是 arrive a bit late 晚到点 make plans to do sth 做计划做,on time 按时/准时 invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做,
avoid heavy traffic 避开交通高峰期 eat with one’s hand 用手(拿)饭吃 stick sth into „插入„里 on the plate 在盘子里hit an empty bowl 撞击一个空碗
point at sb with sth 用„指点„ the biggest challenge 最大的挑战 have a good time/have fun / enjoy oneself 玩得高兴/过得愉快
lear n how to do sth 学会怎样做„ talk to sb in French 用法语和我谈话 because of „由于/因为 be different from 与„不同 pretty strange 相当奇怪 cut up sth 切开 make sb adj 使得某人„ show up 显而易见/ 到场
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