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2018年广州市中考英语话题复习(一):话题1.  Nature           ★★★
2018年广州市中考英语话题复习(一):话题1.  Nature
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2018/4/12 13:07:55

话题1.  Nature
单词
7上U4  Australia, wet, kick, town, blow, everything, trip, shine, picnic, dry, snowy, spend, relative, during, grandparent
7下U5  drop, journey, experiment, fresh, salt, on ,voice, add, chemical, through, pipe, valuable, bit, bank, change, return, form, continue
7下U6  electricity, conversation, rule, anyone, reply, foolish, wire, connect, moment, battery, cooker, fridge, lock, test, tidy, touch
词组
7上U4  take a trip, go on a picnic, make a snowman, spend time with somebody, fly kites, go swimming, have a picnic
7下U5  turn off, add…to…, a bit, part of, pocket money, (be) made up of…, dry up
7下U6  a packet of, in a way, (be) connected to, power station, washing machine, switch off , tidy up , air conditioner
 
句型
7上U4
The wind blows gently. Everything turns green.    It is exciting/nice/interesting to…
The Sun shines brightly.                      Winter is often cold and snowy.
I have a lot of fun.                           Which season do you like best?
I like summer best.
7下U5
Turn that tap off.                          Do you know where I come from?
 …it was time for people to…               So is this the end of your journey?
My journey starts there.                    Remember not to waste or pollute me.
First,…Then,…Next,…Finally,…
7下U6
You mustn’t say that,…    May I have …? Here you are.
Where are you going? We must…when… Do not…when/if…
 
话题运用
一、单词拼写
1 We’ll take a p__________ lunch in the park if it doesn’t rain tomorrow.
2 The weather is hot and the sun shines b__________ in summer.
3 The birthday cake served at the party will have lit candles on it. The birthday boy or girl will b____ them out.
4 The summer holiday is coming. Are you planning a t__________ to America?
5 He k__________ the ball so hard that it ran out of the field.
6 His father is shouting at him. His v__________ sounds angry.
7 That is not the end of his j__________, for he will go travelling to Shanghai tomorrow.
8 We’ll c__________ discussing the question after a 10-minute break.
9 The waiter opened the door and stood back to allow the guests to pass t__________.
10 Gold is a kind of v__________ metal.
11 Don’t forget to l__________ the door and the windows before you leave this room.
12 He wanted to fool his sister by asking her some f__________ questions.
13 She passed the driving t__________ and got her driving license at the age of 18.
14 A power station is a place where e__________ is produced.
15 You must r_________ the book to the library in two weeks.
二、完成句子
1 春天旅行是一件激动的事情。
It is __________ to __________ __________ __________ in spring.
2 上个周日我们去野餐了。
We __________ __________ __________ __________ last weekend.
3 我喜欢在冬天堆雪人。
I like __________ __________ in winter.
4 孙飞夏天经常去游泳。
Sun Fei usually __________ __________ in summer.
5 你正在浪费水,请关掉水龙头。
You’re wasting water. Please __________ __________the tap.
6 是时间保护好森林了。
__________ __________ __________ people to protect the forests.
7 别在咖啡里加太多糖。
__________ __________ too much sugar __________ the coffee.
8 他的部分工作就是照顾树木。
__________ __________ his work is taking care of trees.
9 妈妈每月都给王悦一些零花钱。
Wangyue gets __________ __________ __________ from her mother every month.
10 这座桥是用成千块石头组成的。
This bridge __________ __________ __________ __________ thousands of stones.
11 某种程度上,下雨是对农民有帮助的。
__________ __________ __________, raining is helpful to farmers.
12 这些电线跟街道下面的电缆是连接的。
These wires __________ __________ __________ cables under the street.
13 妈妈给我买了一袋橙子。
Mum bought me __________ __________ __________ oranges.
14 我的家乡有一个发电站。
There is a __________ __________ in my hometown.
15 离开课室前别忘记要关灯。
Don’t forget to __________ __________ the lights before leaving the classroom.
 
三、 语法
本话题涉及的语法点主要为:
7上U4:形容词用法和It is + adj.+(of/for) sb+ to do sth.句式
7下U5:修饰可数名词和不可数名词的形容词
7下U6:情态动词的用法
(一) 单项选择
1. The song sounds________.
  A. beauty   B. beautiful   C. beautifully  D. more beautifully
2. It is hard _____ me ____ a talk with a stranger.
  A. for, have  B. for, to have   C. of, have   D. of , to have
3. It’s brave _____ you ____ me.
  A. for, save   B. of , save  C. for, to save   D. of , to save
4. —Why are you so tired these days?
  —Well, I have _____ work to do.
  A. too much  B. too many  C. much too  D. many too
5.—How long will you stay here?
  —I think I will be here for ____ days.
  A. a few   B. few   C. a little   D. Little
6.The little boy didn’t run _____ to catch up with the others.
  A. enough quick   B. quick enough   C. enough quickly   D. quickly enough
7. — _______ you help me with the maths problem?
  —Sorry, I am not good a t maths. I ________ work it out.
   A. Can, can not     B. Can, may not   C. Must, must not       D. May, may not
8. You ________ smoke in the hospital. It’s against the rules.
   A. can’t       B. mustn’t        C. may not        D. needn’t  
9. —Must I finish my homework now?
  —No, you _____. You can go home now.
  A. needn’t   B. mustn’t   C. shouldn’t   D. can’t
10. —Mum, may I watch TV now ?
   — Sure, but you _________ help me with my housework first.
   A. can    B. may    C. must     D. could
 
(二)语法选择
Typhoons in the northern part of the world have girls’ names. __1__ they have very beautiful names. Rose is a pretty name but there was __2__ pretty about Typhoon Rose. It was __3__ typhoon to hit Hong Kong in the last few decades.
It began to rain early __4___ the morning of Monday, August 16th, 1971. At ten o’clock in the morning, Typhoon Rose was still 130 miles away __5__ already the wind was blowing people’s umbrellas away. The wind became stronger and __6__. The Typhoon shelters(避风港)were soon __ 7___ boats. Ships that were __8___ big to go inside the shelters put down more anchors (锚).Some very big ships went out to sea. ___9___ is less dangerous for a big ship to be at sea in a typhoon because it can not ___10___ onto rocks. Kai Tak Airport closed. No planes were able to __11__or land. At 9:00 in the evening, all the lights ___12___.
No one slept well that night. It is difficult to sleep in ___13___ bad weather.
In Typhoon Rose, more than 100 people died. 229 people were injured and 66 of them had to go to ___14___.
1500 people lost __15__ homes. The people of Hong Kong will never forget Typhoon Rose!
 1. A. Sometime   B. Some time   C. Sometimes   D. Some times
2. A. nothing   B. no   C. anything   D. any
3. A. bad   B. badly   C. worse   D. the worst
4. A. in B. on C. for D. of
5. A. and   B. or   C. but    D. so
6. A. strong   B. stronger  C. strongly  D. strongest
7. A. full   B. filled   C. full of   D. filled of
8. A. so   B. too   C. such   D. very
9. A. It  B. Which   C. This   D. That
10. A. blow   B. be blown   C. have blown   D. be blowing
11. A. fly away   B. take up   C. take off   D. get up
12. A. went out  B. went away  C. put out   D. got out
13. A. so  B. so a  C. such a  D. such
14.A.the hospital   B. a hospital   C. hospital   D. any hospital
15. A. they   B. their  C. them   D. themselves
四、完形填空
    Natural resources are things that we use that come from Earth. Out natural resources are limited(有限的). This means that they will not __1__forever. Some are renewable, like when you plant a new tree when you __2__one down. Others are not renewable, like when you dig coal(煤)out of the__3__ . Once it is used, it is gone.
People realize the __4__that Earth’s natural resources are limited, and can do things to help conserve(节约)those resources. __5__you try to conserve a natural resource, you try to use less of it, so it does not get used up so__6__ . One way that people conserve fuel, like gasoline, is by riding a bicycle or walking when the __7__is short instead of driving everywhere.
Water is a very important natural resource because we all need it to stay __8__. We can conserve water making sure that our pipes and taps do not leak(漏). We can also make __9__choices to conserve water, like only using the dishwasher or washing machine when they are full. Everyone can make contributions to __10__natural resources.
 
1.A. last   B. spread   C. burn   D. change
2.A. turn   B. cut     C. put    D. move
3.A. station  B. building   C. ground  D. brick
4.A. news   B. plan  C. decision   D. fact
5.A. When   B. Although   C. Whatever  D. Whether
6.A. slowly  B. hard   C. regularly   D. fast
7.A. money  B. space  C. place    D. distance
8.A. alive    B. alone   C. asleep   D. awake
9.A. generous   B. funny   C. wise   D. surprising
10.A. wasting   B. searching  C. protecting  D. making
五、 阅读理解
Every 30 seconds there is an earthquake.But don’t worry because most are so weak that they cannot be felt.Only a few big ones hurt people.
Many earthquakes happened in China, such as the big one in Sichuan last month.Thousands of people died in it.So it’s important to know what to do when one hits.Here are some tips on how to stay safe in an earthquake.
1.If you are indoors during an earthquake, hide(躲藏)under a desk.Stay away from windows and anything that could fall on you.
2.If you are outdoors, move to a clear place.Try to be away from trees, signs, buildings and streetlights.These could fall on you.
3.If you are in a shop and far from the door, don’t try to run outside and rush for exits(出口) .Everyone will be doing that and you’ll find it hard getting out.Don’t get into a lift during an earthquake.Just hide under some strong cover near you.
4.When an earthquake has ended, be careful because aftershocks may still happen.These are just as dangerous as the earthquake itself.So stay under the desk until you make sure it’s safe to get up.
5.If you are at home and you smell gas(煤气) , open the windows and get out of the building as quickly as you can.A gas line in your house may be broken.This could be very dangerous.
1.Most earthquakes are too ________to hurt people.
  A.strong       B.weak    C.dangerous  D. strange
2.If you are outdoors, it would be safe to_______.
  A.go to a playground    B.stay under a tree  C.stand by the window  D. sit on the grass
3.If you’re in a shop and far from the door, you’d better _________.
  A.rush to the door right away
  B.run after the people quickly
C.hide yourself under a cover near you
D.call for help loudly at once
4.The best title of this passage is“_________”.
    A.How dangerous the earthquake is
    B.How to be safe during an earthquake
C.Don’t be afraid of the earthquake
D.Why is the earthquake so dangerous
5.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
A.Most earthquakes are very dangerous , so we must be very careful every day.
B. When an earthquake has ended, you may be safe because aftershocks may not happen again.
     C.If you smell gas at home , try to hide under a desk and don’t run outside quickly.
D.You’d better keep away from those things that may fall on you wherever you are.
六、阅读填空
    Plants are very important living things. __1__. This is because plants can make food from air, water and sunlight. Animals and man cannot make food from air, water and sunlight. Animals get their food by eating plants and other animals. __2__.This is why we find that there are so many plants around us.
    If you look carefully at the plants around you, __3__. flowering plants and non-flowering plants.
    __4__. The seeds are protected by the fruits. Some fruits have one seed, some have 2, 3 or 4, and some have many seeds. But a few fruits have no seeds at all. An example of a fruit without seeds is the banana fruit.
    Most non-flowering plants do not grow from seeds. They grow from spores(孢子). Spores are very, very small. Some spores are so small and light that they can float in the air. __5__.When these spores fall on wet and shady(阴凉的) places, they usually grow into new plants.
 
A. you will find that there are two kinds of plants
B. We may say that spores are quite the same as seeds.
C. Life could not go on if there were no plants.
D. Therefore animals and man need plants in order to live.
E. Flowering plants can make seed.
 
七、话题转述
请根据下面提示谈谈如何“节约用水,从现在做起”。
必要性
没有水人类就无法生存
 
不良现象
不关水龙头;洗澡时间很长;没喝完水就把瓶子扔掉
 
建议
(你的2~3个建议)
 
 
 
     Water is very important to us…
 
八、书面表达
自然界的资源有限,爱护自然十分重要,我们应该从小事做起,做个“低碳”的中学生。请根据下面提示写一篇80词左右的英语短文。
1. 每天步行上学;
2. 离开教室时,关上灯和电视;
3. 不用水时,关上水龙头;洗澡不超过5分钟;既不浪费电也不浪费水;
4. 补充1~2点建议。
 
In nature the resource is limited, so it’s very important to take care of nature. ________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
话题1.  Nature
一、 1. picnic 2. brightly 3. blow 4. trip 5.kicked 6. voice 7. journey 8. continue  9. through. 10. valuable 11. lock 12. foolish 13. test 14. electricity 15. return
二、1. exciting, take a trip; 2. went on a picnic; 3. making snowmen; 4. goes swimming;  5. turn off;  6. It’s time for; 7. Don’t add, to/into; 8. Part of; 9. some pocket money; 10. is made up of; 11. In a way; 12. are connected to/with; 13. a packet of; 14. power station; 15. switch off/ turn off
三、语法
(一)单项选择
  1~5 BBDAA    6~10 DABBC
(二)语法选择
  1~5 CADBC    6~10 BCBAB  11~15 CADCB
四、完形填空
1~5 ABCDA   6~10 DDACC
五、阅读理解
1~5  BACBD
六、阅读填空
  1~5 CDAEB
七、话题转述
Water is very important to us. Without water, people cannot live. But in our daily life, we can see many people waste water. Some people do not turn off the tap after using it. Some take long showers and others throw away plastic bottles when there is still water inside. To save water, we should always turn off the tap when we are not using it. We can wash our clothes twice a week instead of every day. And we’d better flush the toilets with used water.
The last drop of water could be our tear, so take actions from now on to save water!
 
八、书面表达
In nature the resource is limited, so it’s very important to take care of nature. We had better go to school on foot every day. Also, we should remember to turn off the lights and the TV when we leave the classroom. If we are not using water, we should turn off the tap. Try to take a bath in five minutes. We can waste neither electricity nor water. Saving paper is necessary, so we ought to make full use of paper. Don’t use plastic bags.
I think it’s important for us to live a low-carbon life to protect the environment.
 


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