Cause and effect is one way to explain things that happen around us.Many things happen because something caused or influenced them to happen.Sometimes it is hard to look for a cause and find out what causes the effect.It may help you to start with the effect and use your reasoning(推理的) skills.Think about all the things you know that could be reasons for the effect you can see.
For example，you may see someone putting on a heavy jacket.This is the effect.To look for a cause，think to yourself，“What would make someone put on a heavy jacket？” Maybe the person is going outside into very cold weather.Maybe the person works in the penguin pen(企鹅圈养地) at Sea World.Maybe the person is going to visit an ice skating rink where the air is kept very cold.All of these things could be a cause for putting on a heavy jacket.
Now，think about a second example.The effect is a boy named Abi has to go to the headteacher's office.What are the possible causes？Maybe he bullied(欺负) another student.Maybe he is just being picked up early.Maybe he is being given a prize!
Here is another example for you to think about its cause and effect.Cait，13，was trying to fall asleep when her 8yearold brother，Doug，came into her room.He looked around a bit，but seemed really out of it.Then Doug went back into the hallway and stood there looking straight up at the hall light for quite a while.Little brothers can be very strange，but this was really much too strange.Cait didn't know what to do.Just then，Cait's father appeared and explained that Doug was sleepwalking.What's the cause and effect，could you tell?
1.According to the second paragraph，which of the following is an effect?
A．Someone puts on a heavy jacket. B．Someone works in the penguin pen.
C．Someone will go outside into cold weather.
2.Abi has to go to the headteacher's office.Which of the following isn't the possible cause?
A．He bullied another student. B．He is going shopping. C．He is being picked up early.
3.What was Doug doing when his sister Cait tried to fall asleep?
A．He was going outside. B．He was reading a story. C．He was sleepwalking.
4.Which of the following is cause and effect?
A．Tim was late again and his teacher got angry.
B．We came home and found him sleeping.
C．The ball was lost and a window was broken.
5.What is the best title for the text?
A．Truth and lies B．Work and sleep C．Cause and effect
1A 2B 3C 4A 5C
Cinderella is a beautiful girl.She has two ugly stepsisters.They are not kind to Cinderella.Cinderella does all of the work. 1.__ _ Cinderella can't go to the party because she doesn't have beautiful clothes.Her stepsisters have beautiful clothes.They look very happy.Cinderella is very sad.Cinderella's stepsisters leave the house. 2.__ __ Cinderella cries，because she also wants to go to the party.Suddenly，a woman shows up.She is a kind fairy.“Don't worry，” says the fairy，“You can go to the prince's party.” “I can't go，” cries Cinderella.“I don't have a nice dress.” “It will be all right，” says the fairy，“Go to get a pumpkin，six mice and a rat.” Cinderella quickly finds them.“What will you do？” Cinderella asks.The fairy waves her wand over the pumpkin.The pumpkin is now a beautiful silver coach.The fairy waves her wand over the six mice. 3.__ __ The six men will walk with the coach.Then the fairy changes the rat into a man.He is the driver of the coach.The coach is beautiful，but Cinderella still looks sad.“I still can't go to the party.My dress is too ugly，” she says.“Don't worry，” says the fairy. 4.__ __ Now Cinderella has a nice dress.It is gold and very pretty.Her shoes are made of glass.Cinderella is so beautiful.She can go to the party.The prince's palace is full of people.They are all happy to be at the big party.All the girls want to marry the prince.Then Cinderella walks into the palace.“Who is she？”everyone asks.“She's so beautiful，” they say.The prince sees Cinderella.He asks her to dance with him.All night long they dance and talk. 5.__ _
A. They are going to the prince's party.
B．She waves her wand and makes Cinderella's dress beautiful.
C．The prince and Cinderella fall in love.
D．She must cook，clean and do everything.
E．She changes them into six strong men.
F．She makes the pumpkin into a big coach.
1D 2A 3E 4B 5C
1．__ __(ride) a bike to the countryside must be a lot more fun.I can't wait.
2．It is of great __ __(important) to do sports every day.Do you want to run with me in the morning?
3．—Who's the girl over there?
—She's Susan，a friend of __ __(I)．
4．Brad is my younger brother.He had a special party for his __ __(five) birthday yesterday.
5．Lots of people surf the Internet to look for some __ __(information) about the missing plane.
1. Riding/To ride 2. importance 3. mine
4. fifth 5. information
knife，because，run，in order to，since，true
1.When you brush your teeth，don't keep the water __ __．
2．Could you please tell me the __ __ of the event?
3．He gets up early __ __ miss the early bus.
4.He used one of his __ __ to cut off the rope.
5.Tom didn't go to school __ _ his illness.
running 2. truth 3. in order not to
4. knives_5. because of
1．Students at your school like to eat __ _．
2．They __ __ regularly.
3．About __ _ students can get pocket money from their parents every month.
4．Students like __ _ clothes.
5．Most students like ____ and __ ___．
1fast food 2. exercise 3.thirty 4. new
1．What book have you read recently?
2．What's it about?
3．What do you think of it?
4．How many times have you read it?
5．What did you learn from it?
1. I have read Treasure Island recently.
2.It's about a boy who finds a treasure map.
3.I think it is very interesting and exciting.
4.I have read it three times.
5. I learned that we should work hard to achieve our goals from it.
My Favorite Book