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湖北省宜昌市2018年中考英语真题试题附答案
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湖北省宜昌市2018年中考英语真题试题
本试卷共86小题,满分120分,考试时间120分钟。
注意事项:
   本试卷分试题卷和答题卡两部分,请将答案写在答题卡上每题对应的答题区域内,写在试题卷上无效。
   考试结束,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。
第一部分 听力(共三节,满分25分)
第一节(共5小题,每小题1分,计5分)
听对话选择图片:你将听到五段对话,请根据听到的内容选出五幅相关的图片。每段对话
后你有5秒钟的答题时间。听一遍。
 
第二节(共15小题,每小题1分,计15分)
听对话或独白回答问题:你将听到几段材料,每段材料之后你将看到几个问题。请根据这
些材料内容,选择能回答所提问题的最佳答案。每段材料之后你有5至10秒钟的答题时间。听两遍。
请听第一段材料,回答第6至7小题。
6. How's the weather in London?
A. It's cloudy          B. It's sunny              C. It's rainy
7. What is Peter doing?
A. Watching TV       B. Looking after his sister.     C. Doing some cooking
请听第二段材料,回答第8至9小题。
8. What did the girl collect for the sale?
  A. Toys             B. Books                     C. Clothes
9. When is the yard sale?
A. On Friday        B. On Saturday               C. On Sunday
请听第三段材料,回答第10至11小题。
10. What time will the movie begin?
A. At 7:30           B. At 7:40                     C. At 8:20
11. How will they go to the cinema?
A. On foot            B. By bike.                    C. By car
请听第四段材料,回答第12至14小题。
12. What are the students wanted for?
A. A talent show.       B. The New Year's party.      C A drawing performance
13. What can Bob do?
A. Play the drums.       B. Play the piano.          C. Play the violin
14. What is Linda good at?
A. Drawing             B. Dancing                 C. Singing
请听第五段材料,回答第15至17小题。
15. What is the woman looking for?
A. A supermarket         B. A bookstore          C. A new town
16. What does she want to buy?
A. Some milk            B. Some fruit           C. Some vegetables
17. Where is the supermarket?
A. On Xinhua Street.      B. At the traffic lights    C. Next to a bookstore
请听第六段材料,回答第18至20小题。
18. What did the man do one day?
A. He met his neighbor.
B. He looked for a doorbell
C. He tried to steal his neighbor’s bell
19. Why did he hear nothing?
   A. Because he put some cotton in his ears
   B. Because the bell didn’t ring loudly
   C. Because he ran away quickly
20. What happened to the man in the end?
   A. The man tried a third time
   B. The man was punished
   C. The man had another idea
第三节(共5小题,每小题1分,计5分)
听短文填写清楚:你将听到一段短文。请根据听到的短文内容完成表格中的有关信息。听完短文之后你有1分钟的答题时间。听两遍。
Changers of My Classmates
Name In the past Now
Billy He was thin and  21   .
His face always   22  when he talked to girls. He looks big and strong.
He isn’t afraid of giving   23  in front of the crowds.
Jessica She was a girl with short straight hair.
She always got   24  on her exams. She has long curly hair.
She dances well and is popular   25   .
第二部分  语言知识运用(共三节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题,每小题1分,计15分)
单项选择:从下列各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选择一个可以填入空白处的最佳答案。
26.---Johnny, it's noisy outside. Go and see what's going on.
----_____________. I’m answering a call.
A. Just a minute   B. One more time
C. Let's go       D. That's fine
27 ----Who is the space scientist from Beijing?
----The man______ while over there. He’s of medium height.
A. with      B. in     C .or    D .for
28.---It has been much easier for me to go to work________ shared bikes appeared.
----But they also caused plenty of problems.
A. since     B. before     C. unless     D. though
29.-----Mum, I’ve signed for a big box by Future Express(快递). What' s in it?
-----I'm not sure. It________ be a present from your brother.
A. might       B. must       C. should    D. will
30.----Were you told ________to arrive at the train station?
.----Yes. The group leader said we would meet there at half past ten.
A. how       B. why         C. when      D. where
31. -----________ you _______the Chinese Culture Festival in the Central Square?
-----Yes. It was really a great success.
A. Are…attending   B. Will…attend   C. Do…attend    D. Did…attend
32.----It is reported that a kind of new smart phones can test the air quality(质量)around you.
---__________fast the technology develops!
A. What       B. What a      C. How        D. How a
A. What
33. -----In the past five years, China has played an important role in the Belt and Road.
-----It has__________ many nations a great chance to communicate.
A. offered      B. supported    C. included   D. directed
34.------A research suggests that walking helps people live longer.
----- I quite agree, but it_______ on when and how they walk.
A. remains     B. separates    C. returns   D. depends
35. ----How are you getting on with your cousin?
-----Very well. He is really _______ and joins in all kinds of activities in his spare time.
A polite           B. strict       C. active      D. careful
36.---Believe it or not, a pig from South Africa started painting several months ago.
  ---Anything is ______.
A. lively            B. possible    C. valuable    D. personal
37. ----The best ______ to come to Yichang is spring.
----I think so. The green water and green mountains are unforgettable
A. environment       B. journey    C. temperature     D. season
38. ------We're not supposed to _______ those who failed
----No one can be a winner all the time.
A. turn out          B. laugh    C. spread out      D. share with
39. -----The population of the poor is getting smaller and smaller.
------________ the government, their living conditions have improved.
A. As for       B. Thanks to       C. As a result of      D. Thanks for
40.--Can you go to the opening ceremony of the Sports Center with me?
---_____________. I've been looking forward to it
A. I'm afraid     B. It’s a pity    C. Take it easy    D. Sure, I'd love to
第二节(共15小题,每小题1分,计15分)
完形填空:先通读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个最佳答案。
My father and I always had a bit of trouble in our relationship. It's not that we didn't love each other. It's just that we used to have (  41  ) opinions. My dad is one of the most hard-working men I know, but I was a(  42  ). I played sports as a kid, but gave ( 43  )when I was making progress. Then I showed an (  44 ) in music. My father got excited and ( 45 )me a guitar when I was about eight. But I really didn't like it until I was a teenager. During those teen years, I got up my guitar and (  46  ) playing along.
Then I went to college. My father thought I should focus more on my (  47  ), while I thought I should have more fun playing music. I dreamed to be a musician. When I grew into a young man, I suddenly fell ( 48  )ill one day and it was discovered that I had a terrible kidney disease(肾病). I had to accept (  49  ) all my life, or get a transplant(移植).
I felt like there was a heavy (  50  ) on my shoulders. Life became hard for me. But I was lucky enough because of my loving parents who (  51  ) me and took care of me. While trying to (  52  )just what to do with my life, my father got tested to se  (  53  )he was the right man to give me his kidney. I tried to refuse, but he’d hear (  54  ) of it. He saved my life at last.
Two years ago, I made up a band. He had always wanted to play in a band, but (  55 ) got the chance when he was young. It was one of the greatest gifts I could give to him.
41. special     B. different    C. private    D. necessary
42. A. musician    B. coach    C. actor    D. dreamer
43. A. up      B. out      C. off     D. away
44. A. introduction   B. influence    C. increase    D. interest
45. A. expected    B. threw    C. bought    D. praised
46. A. began    B. regretted    C. finished    D. meant
47. A. hobbies    B. studies    C. skills    D. choices
48. A. similarly     B. hardly    C. seriously    D. harmfully
49. A. agreements   B. movement    C. argument    D. treatments
50. A. weight    B. disadvantage   C. disbelief    D. warning
51. A. provided    B. encouraged   C. afforded    D. managed
52. A. decide    B. behave    C. build     D. doubt
53. A. how     B. whether    C. why     D. what
54. A. each     B. all     C. much    D. none
55. A. almost    B. completely    C. never    D. basically
第三节(共10小题,每小题1分,计10分)
综合填空:根据所给首字母、上下文或汉语提示完成空格中所缺单词,使短文完整通顺,
语法正确。每空只能填一个词。
A few years ago, I was eating dinner with my children before we went to a museum. We were
talking  56  (愉快地) when a man walked up to me and asked if I had a  57   dollars to give him. I replied that I didn’t even have one coin on me. Of course, my kids stood up and said: “Yes, you do, mommy.” I was a little embarrassed because I felt as if they   58  (抓住)me not telling the truth. Normally, I don' t carry lots of money in my  59  . instead, I pay with my bank card every where I go.
So I told the man I could u 60 my bank card to buy him something to eat. His disappointing
___61  (表情) quickly changed into a smile. Then I went to get him some kinds of food. He thanked me when I h  62   him a bag of food. After he left. I had a talk  63  my children: "Usually, I don't always like giving money to everyone who asks for it. H  64   ,I am not against meeting the needs of others as I  65  as I have it. "I felt good knowing that the man had a nice meal that evening.
第三部分阅读与写作(共四节,满分55分)
第一节(共10小题,每小题2分,计20分)
阅读下面两篇短文,根据短文内容选择最佳答案。
A
Is there an important exam right around the comer? You might be starting to fear, thinking that there' s no way for you to get a good grade because of the little time left to study. This is something all students may worry about. But you should accept the fact that you have to take the
exam no matter how much you want to avoid it.
Thankfully, there are several ways to help you get at least a passing grade. You may have a try.
◆Get yourself together.
This might sound like silly advice, but it's actually the most important. When you fear, you may lose control over your thoughts and actions Even if you try to study, perhaps you won’t get anything in your head.
◆Enjoy enough sleep.
It's unbelievable many students have little sleep each night. That’s not something to be proud of, especially if you're sleeping so little and still failing to do all the things Sleep isn't for the weak, but for the wise. Your brain needs enough rest. After a good night's sleep, you'll perform much better in the morning.
◆Don’t fear.
Once the test paper is in front of you don't be afraid. Take a deep breath and start the exam with confidence(信心). Just like when you were reviewing, put away the problems you’re having difficulty in and come back to them later. If you have time left, go over everything to make sure you haven’t made any careless mistakes.
66. In the writers opinion, whenever there's an important exam,___________.
A. students might experience a period of fear
B. students will have little time to worry
C. students should try everything possible to avoid it
D. students have to ask teachers for more help
67. The writer describes "get yourself together" as silly advice because___________.
A. it won't influence your thoughts
B. it is one of the common senses
C. it is not the most important suggestion
D. it won’t help you get anything in your head
68. Enough sleep before an important exam is____________.
A. the pride of the weak
B. not something to be proud of
C. not necessary for the wise
D. a way to avoid failing in exams
69. When you meet with difficult problems in the exam, you can__________.
A. give them up and take a deep breath
B think hard and review them once again
C. put them away first and come back later
D. just trust yourself and look through the paper
70. According to the passage, you may get at least the passing grade if ____________.
A. you fear nothing
B. you follow the writer's advice
C. the problems are not difficult
D. the preparation time lasts longer
B
I'm not much of a crier most of the time. But recently when I was reading a book on a plane, I started crying. Of course, it came as a big surprise when tears came up, no matter how hard I tried, I wasn’t able to control myself.
Oh no, not this now. I thought to myself. But even as the thought entered my brain. I felt the first hot drop of salty water coming down my face. I put my head down, hoping that I could go on reading.
In fact, the harder I tried, the more tears pushed their way out of my eyes. You could guess how surprised the man next to me looked.
I dropped my head in shame. He must think I was crazy. May be I could turn toward him, hold up the cover of the book and say in my crying voice. "I'm sorry, sir. It's just a really good book! "But I didn't say anything. Instead, I just put my head back against the seat and let the tears run. Do you know what decision I made while I was crying? My decision was that it was okay if he thought I was crazy. I'd rather be crazy than be the kind of person who wouldn't cry when the situation called for it, or who wouldn't let herself feel anything at all.
I’ve been that girl who has spent so much time trying to make sure people didn’t think I was crazy. But now I don’t want to be that girl any more ---that bored and sad girl. I'd rather be this girl who is able to forgive(原谅), love and act, even if it means being disappointed or being hurt again and again.
71. The writer started crying because____________.
A. she is usually a crier
B. she is kind of crazy
C. she was moved by the book
D. she felt uneasy on the plane
72. When tears came up, the writer at first____________.
A .thought deeply
B. went on reading
C. tried to control herself
D. explained to the man beside her
73. As tears got out of her eyes, the writer did NOT______________.
A. drop her head shamefully
B. think about others' feelings
C. let her head against the seat
D. say sorry to anyone in a crying voice
74. According to the passage, we know the writer ____________.
A. decided to change herself bravely
B. lived a sad and boring life
C. wouldn't cry in any terrible situation
D. wouldn't let others feel anything at all
75. The passage mainly tells us ____________.
A. why the writer cried hard on the plane
B. how the writer tried to stop herself crying
C. what the writer thought about while she cried
D. how the writer overcame herself and decided to change
第二节(共5小题,每小题2分,计10分)
阅读短文,将方框里的五个句子还原到短文当中。
A. you’d better connect your child’s teacher.
B. he may have trouble with some classmates.
C. there was little communication outside the meeting.
D. information exchange can solve simple misunderstandings.
E. you notice a change in your child’s attitude(态度)toward school.
  It used to be that parents and teachers had set days and times for parent-teacher meetings, but   (  76   ). With the help of QQ, Wechat, school website and so on, parents and teachers can communicate with each other more easily and often. But some parents still don’t want to connect
with their child’s teachers. That's not right! Because(  77  ).
Be sure to call your child's teacher if(  78  ). When a child who used to love going to school, but now cries and fights getting on the bus, (  79  ) Your child’s teacher can pay more attention to something bigger happening.
For example, you may find the teacher's notes on the test paper. They are often helpful for parents to understand what your child’s problem is. If they are unclear to you.. (  80  ).
A good working relationship between parents and teachers is good for everyone. Keep communicating, ask questions and solve problems before they become too big. They are all ways to build a strong relationship.
第三节(共5小题,每小题2分,计10分)
根据所给汉语和提示词完成下列句子。
81.对许多中国人来说,春节期间和家人团聚是传统。(thousand)
For ______________Chinese people, it is a tradition to get together with their families during the Spring Festival.
82.工程师们用一整天时间制定了维修这座大桥的周计划。(weekly)
It took the engineers a whole day to_____________ for repairing the bridge.
83.你最好是勇敢面对挑战而不是逃避。(run)
You'd better face challenges bravely instead of ___________ them.
84.你能想象人工智能将在很多领域取代人类吗?( imagine)
_____________that Al will take the place of human beings in many fields?
85.如果你不想陷入麻烦,就不要忽略任何小错误。(leave)
If you don't want to get into trouble, please don't ____________ any small mistakes.
第四节(共1题,计15分)
86.书面表达:
为了更好地开展八年级学生的研学旅行( study travel),学校现面向全年级征集活动意向。假如你是李华,请谈谈你建议的时间和地点并陈述理由,简要介绍打算开展的活动。
要求:
(1)文中不得出现真实的人名和校名;
(2)词数80左右。开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
Dear leaders,
  I am Li Hua from Class, Grade 8. _________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  We can discuss the details(细节)later.
                                                                  Yours,
                                                                  Li Hua
 
 
参考答案
第一部分 听力
1-20每小题1分。与所给答案不符的不得分。
1-5EABFC    6-10CBABB   11-15CAACA   16-20BCCAB
21-25每小题1分。22-25部分正确可酌情给分。
21. quiet    22. turned red   23. speeches   24. good scores   25. in public
第二部分 语言知识运用
第一节 单项选择:26-40每小题1分。与所给答案不符的不得分。
26-30ABAAC   31-35DCADC   36-40BDBBD
第二节 完形填空:41-55每小题1分。与所给答案不符的不得分。
41-45BDADC   46-50ABCDA   51-55BABDC
第三节 综合填空:41-55每小题1分。与所给答案不符的不得分。
56. happily/pleasantly/joyfully    57. few    58. caught    59. wallet/pocket/bag
60. use     61. expression(s)     62. handed   63. with/to   64. However  65. long
第三部分 阅读与写作
第一节 66-75每小题2分。与所给答案不符的不得分。
66-70ABDCB   71-75CCDAD
第二节 76-80每小题2分。与所给答案不符的不得分。
76-80CDEBA
第三节81-85每小题2分。未用提示词不得分。单词拼写和其他错误每处扣0.5分,每小题扣完为止。其他答案如果言之有理,结构正确可酌情给分。
81. thousands of    82. make a weekly plan   83. running away from
84. Are you able to/Can you imagine     85. leave out
第四节 书面表达
Possible version 1
Dear leaders,
I am Li Hua from Class 3, Grade 8. Here is my advice about our study travel.
I suggest going to Wufeng Houhe Forest Park. It is a beautiful park with green water and
mountains. There are many different kinds of plants, birds and other animals. We can get closer to the nature. I think June is the best time to get there. Because there is not too much rain at this time of year and the weather in the forest park is much cooler.
We will have lots of activities, such as climbing the mountains and studying about plants. I'm sure the travel will be both pleasant and educational
We can discuss the details(细节) later.
Yours
Li Hua
Possible version 2
Dear leaders,
I am Li Hua from Class 3, Grade 8. I advise we go to Beijing for the study travel. Beijing is
well worth visiting. It's not only a big modern city but also the capital with a long history. The trip will help us learn more about our traditional culture.
The best time for the travel is Autumn. It's the best season to travel in Beijing.
We can visit the Palace Museum and walk around the Beijing hutong. We can also climb the Great Wall. I'm sure we can have a happy and educational trip.
We can discuss the details(细节) later.
Yours,
Li Hua
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