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高三英语考点突破备考复习7           ★★★★★
高三英语考点突破备考复习7
作者:未知 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2013-10-27 22:51:44

佳作赏析 图表作文——数据统计类
(2010·南昌联考冲刺)
假如你是李华,在最近的研究性学习当中,受《21世纪中学生英语报》(The 21st Century)之邀,你对你所在的班60名同学(男女各半)进行了上网目的的调查。现将调查结果(如下表所示)用英语给报社的编辑写一封信,报道此事,以引起舆论的关注,并提出你的观点和建议。
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注意: 1.报道应包括图表所示全部内容,可适度发挥。
2.词数:150左右。文章的开头与结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
参考词汇:调查 make a survey
Dear editor,
I have recently made a survey among 30 boys and 30 girls in my class about their purpose of getting on the Internet._______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
1.话题特点:这是一篇图表作文中的数据统计类作文。图表类书面表达在近年的高考试题中时有出现,主要是些关于生产、销售、发展进程等各种项目统计的示意图。这类统计图在日常生活中应用非常广泛,因此,这类试题能很好地与生活结合起来,具有很强的实际意义。图表式作文写作要求学生能对数据和文字内容进行分析与讨论,系统准确地表达内容,并得出令人信服的结论。
图表类书面表达主要有表格形式、图形形式和圆内扇形形式。
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2.写好这类作文要注意:
(1)开门见山地点明本图表所反映的主题。
(2)分析数据间的主要差异及趋势,然后描写。在描写数据间变化及总趋势特征时,可采用分类式或对比式以支持主题,去阐明必要的理由。要注意层次清楚。
(3)归纳总结或发表评论。
3.常用句式表达:
图表作文开头:
From the chart,we can see that...
The chart shows that...
It can be seen from the chart that...
As is shown in the table...
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结尾:
In conclusion... In a word... In short... On the whole...
In general... In my opinion...
分析差异,常用的词汇有:rise,drop,reduce,increase
decrease,fall,while,but,on the contrary,however
compare...to/with...,in contrast to ,as...as...,the same as
similar to , different from,difference between,among,
more than,less, than等。
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Dear editor,
I have recently made a survey among 30 boys and 30 girls in my class about their purpose of getting on the Internet.
The girls’ favourite is chatting, but few boys like it. What the boys like to do most is playing games and the girls also like it. Both boys and girls like to read news or send e-mails on the Internet. Maybe they think it’s the most convenient way to get information from keeping in touch with friends. As for studying, the numbers of boys and girls are equal, but altogether only several of them will use the Internet as a tool to study.
In my opinion, useful as the Internet is, the students had better make better and wiser use of it. Otherwise, it’s impossible for us to benefit from it. Moreover, I also hope the parents will pay enough attention to their children using the Internet in their spare time.
Yours,
Li Hua
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www.aaaxk.com

文章内容简明扼要,条理清晰,层次分明,从图表描述、问题分析到点睛升华,列出了要表达的内容。用词准确,时态把握较好,使用了一些较高级的词汇和句子,及一些固定搭配,如“keep in touch with;as for”等,最后“moreover”的使用更是一大亮点。
(1)短语类:their purpose of getting on the Internet,both...and...,the numbers of...,pay enough attention to...,keep in touch with
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(2)句子类:I have recently made a survey among...
Both boys and girls like to read news...
Maybe they think it's the most convenient way to get
information...
...it's impossible for us to benefit from it.
(3)过渡语:in my opinion,otherwise,moreover
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习作过关
以下是某英文报联合你校对你市(Kangming City)1998年到2010年家庭消费变化的图表,请据此写一篇短文,做一文字说明。文章的开头已经给出。词数为120左右。

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The average family income in our Kangming City increased from 8,000 yuan per year in 1998 to 20,000 yuan in 2010.
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________

【参考范文】
The average family income in our Kangming City increased from 8,000 yuan per year in 1998 to 20,000 yuan in 2010.In the meantime, the structure of the average family expenses has changed, too. These graphs show the change clearly.
The biggest part of the average family expenses is housing. In 1998, the average family spent 25 percent of its income on housing. In 2010, expenses on housing rose to 42 percent. Food and drink are the second biggest part of the average family expenses. In 1998, about 18 percent of the average income was spent on this item. In 2010, the figure grew to 30 percent. As a result of such increase in the expenses on housing and food, expenses on other items have been reduced from 57 percent in 1998 to 28 percent in 2010.
Thus, a conclusion can be drawn that as income increases, people can improve their living standard. But still the average family has to spend a large part of income to meet the basic needs.
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