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高三英语考点突破备考复习2           ★★★★★
高三英语考点突破备考复习2
作者:未知 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2013-10-27 23:12:31

佳作赏析 说明文——阐明事理类
假设你校举办看图征文活动,题目为“How to Protect Our Eyesight”。请你用英语写一篇短文,指出图中所反映的现象,并从阅读时间、光线、眼睛保健操及睡眠等方面,谈谈保护视力的具体做法。
注意:1.词数:不少于100词。
2.可适当加入细节,以使行文连贯。
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参考词汇:近视的short-sighted
How to Protect Our Eyesight
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Best wishes,
Li Hua
1.话题特点:这是一篇阐明事理类的说明文,这类文章主要用来向人们介绍科学知识,阐明某种道理。作者应通过简洁明了的文字介绍,阐述事理,使人获得某种知识。
2.写好这类文章要注意:
(1)选用正确的说明方法。可以选讲道理,后举事例或者选举事例,再讲道理,也可以通过数据等来辅助说明。
(2)选用正确的说明顺序。事理类说明文主要按照逻辑顺序,即按照事物的内在逻辑关系来说明。
(3)认真审题,确切把握说明对象,并注意层次性。
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3.常用的句式表达:
说明顺序常用:
(1)首先first/firstly/first of all/in the beginning
(2)其次 second/secondly/for another...
(3)第三 third/thirdly/besides/what's more/in addition/further more
比较或对比时常用:
(1)然而 while/whereas/but/however
(2)尽管如此 in spite of/despite/though/although
(3)一方面,另一方面 on the one hand/on the other hand/for one thing/for another...
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(4)与......相比 compared to/compared with
(5)与......相反 on the contrary/instead/instead of...
典型句式:
Here are a few suggestions.
Here is some information about...
I'm sure ...will ...if we ...
The most important thing is that...
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How to Protect Our Eyesight
People often say,“Eyes are the windows of soul”.All of us understand the importance of the eyes.But how to protect eyesight still remains a question among us students.
If you want to take care of your eyesight,you must pay attention to the following points.Firstly,you should not use your eyes continuously for long periods.After you have read for a long time (about two hours) you take a rest by looking at something more distant.Secondly,you should keep your book about a foot away from your eyes when you read it.You should also keep in mind:“Don't read in a dim light or in the sun;don't read in a moving bus or in bed.”Besides,doing eye exercises regularly will help you keep good eyesight.Finally,get enough sleep to let your eyes get a good rest.
If you fail to keep these rules you will become short-sighted sooner or later.
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www.aaaxk.com

文章开篇运用了一句谚语,开门见山地指出了眼睛的作用并引出本文主题——如何保护眼睛。
下文通过firstly...,secondly...等句式,阐述了应该如何保护视力。文章运用了continuously等高级词汇以及pay attention to,or so,keep in mind等短语,使文章更上档次。
文章层次清晰。先点题——如何保护眼睛,然后第二段阐述如何保护视力,最后一段又回应主题。
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(1)短语类:take care of,pay attention to,keep...away from,keep in mind,sooner or later
(2)句子类:...how to protect eyesight still remains...
If you want to take care of your eyesight,you must...
...doing eye exercises regularly will help you keep good eyesight.
(3)过渡语:firstly,secondly,besides
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习作过关
(2011·开原六校联考)
请你就“欢乐与忧伤”这一命题,写一篇英语说明文。
内容要点如下:
1.生活中,苦与乐像影子一样与我们结伴而行。
2.在永恒的自然中,快乐是动力,推动世界前进。
3.愉快的人与别人分享欢乐,从善待别人中得到满足。
4.忧伤通常是自找的。追逐名利的人永远没有欢乐,而只有痛苦。
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5.忌妒、报复心和虚荣心也是痛苦的根源。它们存在于人们的想象之中。
6.要快乐就必须排除欲望和想象所导致的痛苦。
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【参考范文】
Joy and Sorrow
In our life, joy and sorrow are like shadows that follow and go along with us.Sometimes we are in joy.Sometimes we are in sorrow.At times we cannot tell joy from sorrow.
What is joy? In the nature that is going on forever, joy is a driving power, which pushes the world forward.A joyful person has a sound mind and lives a happy life.He takes part in good activities and shares the joy with his fellows in the cause.It can be said that the joyful person get satisfaction from being kind to others.
Sorrow is often self-sought.The desire for power adds to one's sorrow.The desire for power goes side by side with the desire for fame and wealth.When the desire for power and fame and wealth is out of balance with reality, it becomes the root of sorrow.Besides, envy, revenge and vanity are also sources of sorrow.The three evils exist in man's imagination.People suffer from them without knowing.
To be happy one must get free from sorrow led by desire and imagination.
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