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2018年长望浏宁高三调研考试英语试卷附答案           ★★★
2018年长望浏宁高三调研考试英语试卷附答案
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2018/4/8 10:00:59

   2018年长望浏宁高三调研考试
英 语 试 卷
    本试卷分第Ⅰ卷﹙选择题﹚和第Ⅱ卷﹙非选择题﹚两部分。 满分150分,考试时间120分钟。注意:所有试题均须在答题卡上作答。
                                         第Ⅰ卷
第一部分:听力技能(共两节,满分30分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例;How much is the shirt?
    A. £19.5          B. £9.18           C. £9.15
答案是C
1. What will the man do next?
  A. Go shopping.        B. Call his friend.          C. Hold a party.
2. What is the weather like now?
  A. Sunny.                B. Windy.                 C. Rainy.
3. What's the relationship between the speakers?
  A. Homeowner and babysitter.
  B. Husband and wife.
  C. Colleagues.
4. What is the man doing?
  A. Asking for advice.        B. Hiring a volunteer.       C. Doing a survey.
5. How many junk mails does the man get a day?
  A. 30.                      B. 60.              C. 90.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. When is the woman's birthday?
  A. July 12th.                 B. July 13th.                 C. July 14th.
7. Why won’t the woman hold a party this year?
  A. She’ll have an exam that day. 
B. She’s worried about the clean-up.
C. She didn’t have fun in her last party.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. How did the woman like the potato salad?
  A. She enjoyed it. 
B. She thought it was hot.
C. She preferred stuffed pepper.
9. What do we know about the woman?
  A. She probably doesn’t eat meat.
B. She is a good cook.     
C. She feels ashamed.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. Why does the man look upset?
  A. He got angry at the woman.  
B. He made a mistake at his job.
C. He hurt himself when jogging.
11. What does the woman think of the man?
   A. Dishonest. B. Selfish. C. Careless.
12. What does the man promise to do?
   A. Call Mr. Scott.   B. Make an apology.  C. Learn from the mistake.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. What is Garden House probably?
   A. A restaurant.   B. A bakery.       C. An apartment building.
14. What did the woman expect the man to do?
   A. Pick up the cake. 
B. Have lunch with Matt.
C. Wait outside her apartment.
15. Why couldn’t the man contact the woman?
   A. He forgot her number.
B. Her phone didn’t work.
C. She was shopping for a gift.
16. When did the woman tell the man about the gift?
   A. Yesterday.    B. This morning.  C. This noon.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. Which subject is proper this year?
   A. My bedroom.   B. My favorite animal C. Woolacombe Beach.
18. What is the maximum age limit to enter?
   A. 8 years old.   B. 12 years old.         C. 15 years old.
19. What can the winners get this year?
   A. Membership in the club.
B. A family trip to London Zoo.
 C. Free Countryside magazines.
20. What's the purpose of the talk?
   A. To encourage children to join the club.
   B. To inform children of the competition.
   C. To apologize for the changes this year.
第二部分:阅读理解 (共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项 (A 、B 、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
A
LONDON ( Reuters)——Organic fruit, delivered right to the doorstep. That is what Gabriel Gold prefers, and he is willing to pay for it. If this is not possible, the 26-year-old computer technician will spend the extra money at the supermarket to buy organic food.
 “Organic produce is always better,” Gold said, “The food is free of pesticides (农药), and you are generally supporting family farms instead of large farms. And more often than not, it is locally  grown and seasonal, so it is more tasty. ” Gold is one of a growing number of shoppers buying into the organic trend, and supermarkets across Britain are counting on more like him as they grow their organic food business. But how many shoppers really know what they are getting, and why are they willing to pay a higher price for organic produce? Market research shows that Gold and others who buy organic food can generally give clear reasons for their preferences—but their knowledge of organic food is far from complete. For example, small amounts of pesticides can be used on organic products. And about three quarters of organic food in Britain is not local but imported to meet growing demand. “The demand for organic food is increasing by about one third every year, so it is a very fast-growing market. " said Sue Flock, a specialist in this line of business.
21. More and more people in Britain are buying organic food because              .
A. they consider the food free of pollution
B. they can get the food anywhere
C. they are getting richer
D. they like home-grown fruit
22. Which of the following statements is TRUE to the facts about most organic produce sold in Britain?
A. It grows indoors all year round.  B. It is grown on family farms.
C. It is produced outside Britain.   D. It is produced on large farms.
23. What is the meaning of the underlined words “the organic trend” in Paragraph2?
A. Higher prices of organic food.  B. Better quality of organic food.
C. Rising market of organic food.  D. Growing interest in organic food.
B
When I was 5, my father worked the night shift as a nurse in a hospital. He was always carrying his stethoscope (听诊器) so naturally, so I called him “Dr. Saldivar” while I pressed his stethoscope against his chest. But my father, as a humble man, was always correcting me: “I am not a doctor, son, but you can be one.” I grew up feeling like I had no limits because of moments like this, which has helped me take risks personally and professionally in spite of the hardships I had to endure.
Being born to Mexican immigrants meant that my parents had to work very hard to provide for my family and I had to learn to struggle through school paperwork on my own, because my parents' English was limited and they couldn't always be there motivating us through the process. If I wanted to succeed academically, my perseverance, and strength would be tested.
Perseverance, strength and good education are the gateway to success. And this is especially true when you look at the obstacles that Latinos have to overcome to succeed in public schools. For instance, while the national high school dropout (辍学) rate has decreased significantly, we still have the highest dropout rate in the country. We are more likely to live in poverty and attend racially separated schools. These issues create many other problems for Latinos.
To help relieve my family burden, I found my first job when I was 14 at a local hotel. Despite the long hours on my new job, I worked hard. Meanwhile, I continually stressed the importance of getting a respectable education and did everything possible to get one step closer to making my dream a reality.
Nearly a decade later, I became the first in my family to graduate from the University of Southern California. Knowing the social, economic, and political struggles that a community faces, I began to pursue journalism to give the disadvantaged minorities a voice.
24. What inspired the author when he was a child?
A. His curiosity about the stethoscope. B. A nurse in his father's hospital.
C. The encouraging words from his father. D. The hardships he suffered.
25. The example in the third paragraph given by the author suggests         .
A. more Latinos are receiving higher education in America
B. racial separation has long been forbidden in America
   C. American education system is better constructed
D. Latino immigrants are still facing many problems
26. The author chose to become a journalist, hoping to         .
A. speak for the disadvantaged Latinos B. enjoy a different life
C. show his success as a Latino  D. repay the sacrifice his parents made
27. What can we learn from the author's experience?
A. Immigration is an approach to personal success.
B. American Dream is difficult for the Latinos to achieve.
C. Disadvantaged Latinos are still facing many challenges.
D. Good education is a way to successful life.
C
Cities are likely to be affected by overheating, thanks to something called the urban heat island effect. Cities tend to be short of trees, which provide shade, and they are covered with black pavement, which absorbs heat from the sun. Think of how it feels to wear a dark shirt versus a white shirt on a sunny day. A black shirt absorbs light, heating you up. But a white shirt reflects light, keeping you cool.
The average temperature in a city of a million or more people can be more than 5 degrees F hotter than surrounding areas. That extra 5 degrees can turn a hot day from uncomfortable to deadly. As temperatures rise, cities will be an especially dangerous place to be during a heat wave. To protect public health, city officials are going to make the city cooler.
As part of that effort, Los Angeles is coating its roads in CoolSeal, a gray paint that keeps streets and parking lots 10 degrees cooler than black asphalt(沥青). It will help Angelinos save money during the summer, when air conditioning sends power bills soaring(猛增). And it will save lives by lowering temperatures and improving air quality. Hot weather worsens air pollution by turning car exhaust into smog, which can make life miserable for people with asthma(哮喘)and other breathing problems.
Of course, LA will have to do more than paint over a few streets to cool off the city. Angelinos will also need to plant more trees and apply white paint to rooftops—at least those not already covered in solar panels. While LA is a pioneer of reflective streets, other cities, like New York, are already experimenting with reflective roofs or, like Melbourne, lowering the temperature by planting trees. LA is hardly alone in its effort to stay cool.
“This is an urgent challenge, and it's much bigger than one person,” said Mayor Garcetti in a recent statement. “Climate change is a fact of life that people in Los Angeles and cities around the world live with every day.”  
28. The urban heat island effect results from         .
   A. planting more trees in the streets
   B. furnishing every house with air conditioners
   C. applying reflective paint to rooftops
   D. covering the streets with white paint
29. What should the city officials emphasize during hot summer?
   A. When to coat the roads with black paint.
   B. Where to wear a white shirt.
   C. How to cool the city .
   D. When to cut off the electricity supply.
30. What benefit can people gain from the use of CoolSeal?
   A. Making life easier and more comfortable.
   B. Promoting the sale of air conditioners.
   C. Increasing the indoor activities.
   D. Reducing the number of cold days.
31. What's the main idea of the passage?
   A. L.A. adopted many approaches to fight against the heat.
   B. L.A. is painting its streets white to keep the city cool.
   C. L.A. has begun to plant trees in the streets.
   D. L.A. calls on people to fight against global warming.
D
A new keyboard can tell whether you are its owner. The keyboard records information about the typing pattern and sends it to a computer program. The program then checks to see if the pattern matches the right user, If not, an alarm sounds, and the computer locks the typist out. It locks out anyone else, even if the person knows password. What's more, this device needs no batteries. It harvests all the energy it needs from the action of your typing. Besides, the keyboard is also self-cleaning and the keys are free of damage from water, oil and dirt.
The keys of the new keyboard are made of the same inexpensive plastic that might be found on any other standard keyboard. But instead of being smooth, the keys have millions of tiny plastic nanowires(纳米线)on their surface area to every key, increasing the effective contact area between the plastics and fingers. This ensures that there's enough power to run the keyboard as someone types.
Liming Dai, a scientist, did not work on the new keyboard, but he thinks the design could be important in getting better performance from a variety of devices. “It could also be applied to a touch screen, for instance,” Dai says. “ Then smart phones and notepads could harvest energy from the action of someone typing or drawing.”
“Future work might make the keyboard even more useful,” Dai adds. “A later design might build tiny capacitors(电容器)onto the nanowires,” he suggests. Capacitors are little devices that temporarily store electric charges. Those might then LEDs to light a Keyboard in the dark.
Zhonglin Wang is a co-designer of the new keyboard. His team has build a working model of the keyboard. “If a company decides to fund(投资)its production, this keyboard could be in stores in as little as two years,” says Wang.
32. How does the new keyboard tell whether you are its owner?
A. By matching the typing pattern to the right user.
   B. By sending alarms to a computer program.
C. By checking the right user's passwords.
D. By recording information about the typing pattern.
33. Why are there many nanowires on the surface of the keys?
A. To increase the effective contact area.    
B. To improve the speed of typing.
C. To make the keys smooth.     
D. To help produce power.
34. What's Dai's attitude to the new keyboard?
A. Unconcerned   B. Doubtful   C. Positive    D. Critical.
35. What is the best title for the text?
A. A New Keyboard Made of Nanowires
B. A New Keyboard Entirely Owned by you
C. A New Keyboard’s Future.  
D. A New Keyboard Powered by Typing
第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,共10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
We need to fail—failure is how we learn. If we never fail at anything, we probably haven't learned all that life has to teach us.   36 
Don't criticize yourself for trying and never stop trying.
Trying or learning something new is often half the battle. Babies don't give up until they learn to walk. If you really want to change some behavior or learn to do something new, don't give up trying.  37  , although you may get depressed by the lack of progress sometimes.
Understand the power of optimism.
While optimism is the ‘new happiness’, there is a certain power in optimistic thinking whether you believe it or not. Putting yourself in a more optimistic mindset(心态)can open you up to more possibilities.
Learn to rely on yourself first, then others.
Those who are self-reliant are also usually more resilient—meaning they can bounce back from problems, stress and heartbreak more quickly than those who aren't.   38  —just become your own best friend, do everything that you can possibly do for yourself, and learn what your strengths and weaknesses are.
Don't look back.
  39  . But in fact, there's nothing back there to see. Spend just 10 percent more of your time looking forward to what life holds for you in the future, and I suspect you'll find yourself in a better position.
Failure is a normal and natural pan of life that is neither good nor bad---it's just how we learn.  40  , but how quickly you can accept your failure, learn something from it and try again.
A. We should cherish today.
B. But how can we avoid failure?
C. But what can help us when we fail?
D. So the question is not whether you fail or not.
E. If you give up, your progress will come to an end.
F. Becoming more self-reliant is easier than it sounds.
G. We spend too much of our adult lives looking back.
第三部分:英语知识运用(共二节;满分45分)
第一节:完型填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项﹙A、B、C和D﹚中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
A few years ago, Adina Lichtman was handing out sandwiches on the streets of New York City to help people experiencing homelessness. One man,   41   for the sandwich, approached her and    42     some surprising insight(见识).
“It's great that you're    43    sandwiches,” he said, “but one thing we really    44   is socks, especially as winter approaches.”
“Here I was, sandwiches in    45   , assuming I knew the best way to help people, when in reality, helping is about    46   , and hearing the needs of different communities,” Lichtman said. “It was a powerful    47   , and I wanted to put it into    48   .”
She began that night, with a    49    step: going door-to-door on the floor of her    50    at New York University, asking    51    classmates if they could each just donate just one pair of their own socks to someone   52   home.
She got 40 pairs of socks in a single    53   , from a single floor. The next morning she opened her door to find a huge    54     of socks that other people had donated.
“College students love to do    55   , but sometimes they need a literal(实实在在的)knock on their    56     to do so. And almost everyone has a(n)    57    pair of socks they can donate,” Lichtman said. 
That morning Lichtman   58     kicked off Knock Knock, Give a Sock, a new nonprofit organization that has now    59     over 350,000 pairs of socks for the homeless in cities and states across America. It is also now Lichtman's full-time job.
When it gets cold out,    60    about what you use to bundle up—scarves, hats, gloves—that includes socks and shoes, too.
41. A. searching  B. wishing  C. preparing   D. reaching
42. A. offered   B. shared  C. claimed   D. declared
43. A. taking out B. finding out C. picking out  D. giving out
44. A. buy   B. need   C. donate   D. supply
45. A. bag   B. hand   C. box    D. mouth
46. A. serving  B. asking  C. assisting   D. listening
47. A. lesson   B. shock  C. hit    D. struggle
48. A. use   B. practice  C. action    D. consideration
49. A. simple   B. meaningful C. dangerous  D. brave
50. A. campus  B. building  C. street   D. dormitory
51. A. kind   B. fellow   C. rich    D. friendly
52. A. with   B. from   C. at    D. without
53. A. week   B. day   C. night    D. year
54. A. pile    B. pair   C. car    D. step
55. A. wrong  B. harm   C. good    D. well
56. A. wall   B. face   C. door    D. back
57. A. expensive  B. extra   C. cheap   D. valuable
58. A. carefully  B. rudely   C. officially    D. happily
59. A. made   B. created  C. bought   D. provided
60. A. think   B. tell   C. figure   D. care
第Ⅱ卷
第二节:(共10小题,每小题1.5分,共15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(一个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
When we see well, we do not think about our eyes very often. It is only when we cannot see perfectly   61   we realize how important our eyes are.
People who are near-sighted can only see things that are very close to their eyes. When people  do a lot of work, such as   62   (write), reading and sewing, they become near--sighted.
    People who are far-sighted can see things that are far away,   63   they have difficulty in reading a book unless they hold it at an arm's   64   (long). If they want to do much reading, they must wear glasses.
    Other people do not see clearly because they have astigmatism (散光). This, too, can   65   (correct) by wearing glasses. Some people's eyes become cloudy because of cataracts (白内障). Long ago these people often became blind. Now, however, it is possible to operate on the cataracts and remove   66  .
    Having two good eyes   67   (be) important when you judge distances. Each eye sees things from a   68   (slight) different angle. To prove this to yourself, look at an object out of one eye; then look at the same object out of your other eye. You will find    69    object's relation to the background has changed. The difference   70   these two different eye views helps us judge how far away an object is. So protect your eyes well.
第四部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节  短文改错 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。
   增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(/\),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均限一词。
2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Dear Sir,
I saw your advertisement in the Local Daily for a economist. I believe I had the necessary qualities for the job.
Two years ago, I graduated away from Fudan University with a degree in Economics. Since graduation, I have been worked for a big bank. Now to challenge me, I want to work for a company where has your excellent reputation.
Apart from my knowledges of accounting and my ability in maths, I am a team player. I'll be  willing shoulder more responsibilities if needing.
 Thank you for taking me onto consideration.
                                                                      Yours,
                                                                   Lin Xin
第二节 书面表达﹙满分25分﹚
假设你是李华,即将高中毕业,请给你的英国的笔友David写信,邀请他来中国和你一起度过一个有意义的暑假,介绍你的计划并征询他的建议。
注意:
1. 词数100左右;
2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3. 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数
Dear David,
I'm writing to                                                                                                                                      
 Li Hua
2018年长望浏宁高三调研考试
英语参考答案
第一部分:听力技能(共两节,满分30分)
1—20  ACBAA     ABAAB    CCBAB    ACCBB
第二部分 阅读理解 (共两节,满分40分)
21-23.  ACD  24-27. CDAD   28-31. BCAB  32-35. ADCB   36—40  CEFGD
第三部分:英语知识运用(共二节;满分45分)
41—60     BADBB   DACAD  BDCAC  CBCDA
61. that   62. writing  63. but   64. length  65. be corrected
66. them      67. is      68. slightly  69. the     70. between
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
Dear Sir,
I saw your advertisement in the Local Daily for a economist. I believe I had the necessary
                                          an                  have
qualities for the job.
Two years ago, I graduated away from Fudan University with a degree in Economics. Since
graduation, I have been worked for a big bank. Now to challenge me I want to work for a company
                   working                         myself
where has your excellent reputation.
which/that
Apart from my knowledges of accounting and my ability in maths, I am a team player. I will be
               knowledge
willing /\ shoulder more responsibilities if needing.
      to                           needed
Thank you for taking me onto consideration.                                                                                                                      
                        into
Yours
Lin Xin
第二节   书面表达﹙满分25分﹚
Dear David,
   I’m writing to invite you to China to spend the approaching summer holiday with me. There are only several days left for me to graduate from high school and then I’ll have a long vacation without any homework. Here are some wonderful plans for you.
   First of all, I can’t wait to travel to Beijing. Just as an old Chinese saying goes, he who doesn’t reach the Great Wall is not a true man. We can compete to see who is the first to climb to the top of the Great Wall. If you promise to join me, I can pick you up at the Capital Airport. We can also pay a visit to the Forbidden City to see what remains a mystery to you. There is no doubt that we can have a meaningful and unforgettable vacation together.
   Looking forward to your reply.
                                                                           Yours
                                                                Li Hua


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