|作者：佚名 文章来源：网络 点击数： 更新时间：2018/3/16 9:58:54 |
When it comes to bucket-list（遗愿清单） adventures, swimming with sharks is near the top for a lot of adrenaline junkies. Many of the adventures on the list require scuba diving, but at some locations, even non-divers with a desire to get up close and personal with the top of the food chain can jump in and face their fears.
I don't want to scare the non-shark lovers away from the beauty of the Bahamas, but there are sharks out there. From least scary to the most, here's where to get your Bahamian shark fix.
Compass Cay Marina is home to a large number of well-fed, friendly nurse sharks. In case you don't know it, a nurse shark is more like a giant catfish than a great white. You can walk right into the shallow water near the fish-cleaning station and pet these gentle guys.
Stuart Cove's in Nassau has been doing shark dives safely for decades. Caribbean reef sharks feed on fish-on-a-stick as divers kneel in the sand in awe. Reef sharks are some of the least aggressive species of shark.
As your fear subsides and you crave more sharks and more excitement, check out the folks at Jim Abernethy's Scuba Adventures in Fort Lauderdale. They operate live-aboard dive boats with regularly scheduled shark trips in the Bahamas. Expect to see tigers and hammerheads, as well as the Caribbean reef sharks.
There are several shark species in the Pacific waters surrounding the Hawaiian Islands. Sightings of tigers, hammerheads, blues, and even great whites are not all that uncommon.
And While divers can expect to see these guys almost anywhere while diving in Hawaii, the Oahu's North Shore is the place to be for cage diving. Hawaii Shark Encounters takes shark education seriously and strives to educate customers about the need for shark conservation while providing a thrilling swim with sharks inside the safety of a cage. No diving skills are required－just bring your courage.
Scuba diving in Fiji is a definite bucket-list adventure for many divers－and the fish many hope to see most is shark. Beqa Adventure Divers can make that happen for you. Sharks are protected in the Shark Reef Marine Reserve, so no worries about questionable practices. This is an uncaged dive, but per the company's website, it is a carefully managed feed, where participants observe, but do not interact（互动） with the sharks.
Home to a large population of great whites, the waters off the Mexico's Baja coast, attract divers willing to brave cold Pacific waters for some time in a cage watching the top fish of the ocean.
Nautilus Live Aboards operates six-day adventures from July to November using submersible（能在水下操作的） cages that descend to about 9 meters for a better opportunity to observe the sharks. You meet the expedition in San Diego, motor to Ensenada, cruise to Guadalupe, then spend three full days in the cages watching the predators. Non-divers are allowed, as air is supplied by hoses attached to the boat, but a minimum of a Discover Scuba course is recommended.
21. How many kinds of sharks are mentioned in this passage?
A. Three. B. Four. C. Five. D. Six.
22. According to the passage, where can you interact with sharks?
A. In Bahamas. B. In Hawaii. C. In Fiji. D. In Guadalupe Island.
23. We can learn from the text that .
A. great whites can be seen mostly in Bahamas
B. caged diving is safer than uncaged diving
C. tigers are more dangerous than reef sharks
D. skills as well as courage are needed for cage diving in Hawaii
Every summer the heat was miserable. This summer was no exception.
Jamal lay on the porch(门廊), holding a glass of sweet tea to his forehead, trying to absorb some of the cool. It was early afternoon, and his grandmother had lain down for her daily nap.
“Jamal! Jamal!” said Lisa, trying to get his attention.
“What?” he asked.
“I’m going to sort out the attic(阁楼). Want to come?” she asked calmly. Lisa was two years younger than Jamal and was used to being blown off.
“You’re crazy,” Jamal said. “It’s got to be 100 degrees up there, not to mention that it’s dusty and full of spiders and who knows what else.”
“Grandma said that if we see anything we want up there, we can keep it,” said Lisa.
“What makes you think I want any of that old junk?” asked Jamal.
“Suit yourself,” said Lisa. She went to the bedroom to change into old clothes that could get covered in sweat, dust, and possibly dead spiders.
Up in the attic, Lisa began to see Jamal’s point. The heat in the house rose upwards, only to be trapped in the small attic. Everything was covered in a fine layer of dust…
As Lisa began going through the boxes, she realized that no one had touched them for years. After a couple of hours, Lisa’s back ached, and her shirt was wet through.
“Lisa, honey!” she heard her grandmother call. “Come take a break and have some tea.”
Lisa went downstairs and took a picture with her. “Grandma, is this really you?”
Her grandmother laughed. “What, you can’t believe it? Yes, that’s me; that was taken at my home coming almost sixty years ago.”
“You were beautiful, Grandma,” said Lisa admiringly.
“You’d be surprised, Lisa,” her grandmother responded. “Adults, all of us, were once young and irresponsible like you.”
“I don’t think Mom was ever like that …” said Lisa.
“Your mother…” her grandmother’s voice became low as she carefully chose her words. “When your father died in the service, your mother was still just a girl herself. You were a baby, and Jamal was only two. She had to grow up real fast.”
Lisa nodded. She finished her tea, thanked her grandmother, and turned to go back upstairs.
24. What was Jamal’s attitude towards Lisa’s suggestion of exploring the attic?
A. Enthusiastic. B. Interested. C. Negative. D. Indifferent.
25. The underlined expression “Suit yourself” means “ ”.
A. Enjoy yourself B. Please yourself C. Take care of yourself D. Help yourself
26. What does Lisa’s grandmother probably mean when she says that Lisa’s mother “had to grow up real fast”?
A. Lisa’s mother had to drop out of college and start working.
B. Lisa’s mother had to become carefree and irresponsible very quickly.
C. Lisa’s mother had to become responsible and mature very quickly.
D. Lisa’s mother had to take on more responsibility than she was able to handle.
27. Which of the following is the probable ending of the story?
A. Lisa found her mother’s love letters.
B. Lisa found nothing important but junk.
C. Lisa found a box of spiders and was scared to death.
D. Lisa found something about her mother’s miserable childhood.
It sounds like something straight out of a science fiction movie or a silly cartoon: a futuristic traveling tube that can quickly shoot people wherever they want to go, inside a tiny pod(吊舱). But this may be just around the corner for people looking for a faster, easier, and cheaper- than- ever way to travel.
South African-American inventor and billionaire Elon Musk, who, in the past, has worked on both private space flight and electric cars, recently announced he has been working on the design of this traveling tube, which could forever change the way we travel the world.
In a interview, Musk described the new tube as a fifth kind of transportation.
“We have planes, trains, automobiles, and boats,” he explained. “What if there was a fifth mode? I have a name for it, called the Hyperloop.”
The Hyperloop would have the power to cut back on travel time between major cities like Los Angeles and San Francisco, which is what inspired Musk to design the Hyperloop in the first place.
Musk started in an interview that he actually came up with the idea for the Hyperloop while thinking about the train that takes people between Los Angeles and San Francisco-it is known for being one of the slowest in the country.
“This system I have in mind…can never crash, is immune (免疫的)to weather, it goes three or four times faster than the bullet train…it goes an average speed of twice what an aircraft would do,” explained Musk.
“You would go from downtown Los Angeles to downtown San Francisco in under 30 minutes,” he added. “It would cost you much less than an air ticket and less than any other mode of transport.”
People using the Hyperloop would shoot around in pods, which are each just over six-and-a-half feet across, and the pods would travel through tubes located either above ground or under water, though Musk has not yet released his final design drawings.
Additionally, Musk believes the Hyperloop could be completely powered by the sun-making it more environmentally friendly than cars, airplanes, or train systems. Someday it could possibly move people between the East and West Coasts of the United States in less than an hour, which is faster than any other mode of transportation that exists. Eventually, the Hyperloop would be able to move people around the world.
The Hyperloop could even run 24/7, be cheap, and allow people to travel on their own schedule. People could show up at the Hyperloop station whenever they want and be quickly sent on their way.
Musk is not the first person outside of science fiction novelists to dream up vacuum tube technology for moving people. The idea has been around for some time, and inventors in other countries, including China, are reportedly working on similar technology.
32. The Hyperloop is that Elon Musk is designing.
A. an electric car B. a private spaceship C. a traveling tube D. a bullet train
33. What do we know about the Hyperloop?
A. The Hyperloop could only run on weekdays.
B. The Hyperloop is being designed to travel at twice the speed of an airplane.
C. Inventors in other countries are working on the same technology as the Hyperloop.
D. People using the Hyperloop would travel in pods that are about six-and-a-half feet long.
34. According to the passage, people might prefer the Hyperloop because .
A. people would not have to pay as much to use the Hyperloop
B. people with motion sickness might not be able to handle the Hyperloop
C. people are tired of using the same four kinds of transportation over and over
D. the Hyperloop could take people to places where planes and trains do not go
There is a collection of positive habits that make a person so successful in class. 36 .
Here are some habits of top students that you can use as tips to do better at school:
First, 37 . In college, homework assignments generally make up 5-20% of your grade, but can be the biggest time- suck for most students. Working problems is one of the best ways to turn new concepts into working knowledge, but you’ll never see on an exam a large majority of those problems that take you hours and hours to work through.
Second, they never “read through” the textbook. Per time spent, reading the textbook is one of the least effective methods for learning new materials. 38 , but otherwise use Google, lecture notes, and old exams for study materials.
Third, they test themselves frequently. Testing yourself strengthens your brain’s connections to new materials. 39 . Bottom line, repeated self-testing significantly improve long-term memory of new materials.
Last, they study in short bursts, not long marathons. Studying in short burst tends to help you focus strongly because you know there is at least a short break coming. 40 , which makes studying continuously for multiple hours on end.
A. It helps relax our mind.
B. they always focus on their homework
C. they don’t always do all of their homework
D. Top students use examples and practice problems
E. This also fits in nicely with our natural activity or rest cycle of our bodies
F. It gives you immediate and clear feedback on whether you know something or not
G. An accumulation of such habits can combine to produce high-level academic performance
第一节 完形填空（共20小题；每小题1. 5分，满分30分）
I live in a rural community in the United States. A rural area is different from a city because there are 41 people. My home is deep in a valley 42 by mountains that are rocky and covered in trees. 43 many farms are located in rural areas because they require large plots of land to grow food or 44 farm animals, in my community the mountains and 45 soil make it difficult to farm. This is one 46 why few people live in my area.
What’s it like to live in the mountains? Since we have a lot of 47 , we get to have horses and chickens. My family 48 eggs from the chickens for breakfast. We also lose electricity a lot because the trees fall on power lines whenever there’s a 49 . In my community, people keep battery- powered flashlights and oil lamps stored in case the lights 50 . Some people also use a generator-- a machine that generates electricity from gasoline—whenever there are 51 .
Going to school in a rural area means having fewer classmates and 52 longer distances. To get to my high school, I must drive forty miles to the 53 city. This means I must get up much earlier than my 54 classmates in order to be on time. The roads in my community aren’t paved with asphalt(沥青) either, so during storms they 55 become too muddy or snowy to pass. In cities a snowplow(扫雪机) 56 quickly, but areas where fewer people live aren’t the priority(优先), so days can pass before a snowplow 57 the road. Sometimes I must miss school because storms make it 58 to drive.
I am not sure 59 if I want to live in the country or in the city when I grow up. I like being in nature, hearing the creek and the birds, and having a big yard. I also like being in the city, though, where I can go howling or skating, or see my friends. It can get 60 in the country, although I do love being around our animals.
41. A. few B. many C. fewer D. more
42. A. surrounded B. hidden C. shadowed D. enriched
43. A. When B. While C. Because D. If
44. A. feed B. grow C. train D. house
45. A. rich B. muddy C. rocky D. snowy
46. A. explanation B. cause C. excuse D. reason
47. A. space B. room C. place D. land
48. A. lays B. harvests C. buys D. picks
49. A. storm B. thunder C. lighting D. shower
50. A. put out B. wear out C. run out D. go out
51. A. dangers B. risks C. emergencies D. incidents
52. A. walking B. running C. driving D. traveling
53. A. nearby B. distant C. nearest D. farthest
54. A. rural B. city C. old D. new
55. A. can B. may C. must D. should
56. A. comes by B. comes about C. comes to D. comes out
57. A. cleans B. digs C. clears D. covers
58. A. likely B. necessary C. improper D. impossible
59. A. still B. yet C. even D. as
60. A. quiet B. lonely C. alone D. busy
Tiger Parents Do No Good to Kids’ Development
Digging through kids’ school bags, looking up all the assignments, sitting beside them going through each item, and finally 61 (have) all the homework checked with a name signed is a 62 (day) routine for most Chinese parents, as required by teachers. A demanding task especially after a long day’s work at office, isn’t it? 63 (luck), some parents in Jinhua, Zhejiang Province, have been liberated. A local primary school has recently announced that parents will no longer have to sign their names on their kids’ homework, as students should be responsible 64 their own assignments.
Making mistakes is 65 essential part of the process of understanding. Who cares how much you 66 (score) in your homework after you have settled down in life and found your directions? The 67 (able) to realize one’s mistakes and learn from them is what matters, which is also the main purpose of education. Why not give students a chance 68 (find) out and correct their mistakes themselves?
It is by no 69 (mean)parents’ duty to go through the kids’ assignments. 70 parents are supposed to do is to create a friendly studying environment for kids, and teach them to be an independent learner. After all, independent learning is much more important than high scores.
Last summer vacation was my most pleasant one. My parents and I had made a tour to Xi’an. Instead of having a travel agency arranging our transportation and accommodation, we booked the train tickets and hotel rooms on the Internet by us. During our tour in Xi’an, we went to many places of interests and took lots of photos, learned about the history of Xi’an. No tourists would miss the local food in Xi’an, so would we. We enjoyed the typical local food, it tasted more delicious than we had expected. Hardly had I returned than I shared the photos and experiences for my classmates. The trip to Xi’an has been such happy memory to me that I will never forget it.
3.参考词汇：英文论坛the English forum 帖子post
Hi there, Julia.
1-5 CBABA 6-10 CBCAB 11-15 ACABC 16-20 ACBBC
21-25DACCB 26-30CADDA 31-35ACBAD
41-45CABDC 46-50DABAD 51-55CDCBA 56-60ACDBB
61.having 62.daily 63.Luckily 64.for 65.an
66.have scored 67.ability 68.to find 69.means 70.What
Last summer vacation was my most pleasant one. My parents and I had made a tour to Xi’an. Instead of having a
travel agency arranging our transportation and accommodation, we booked the train tickets and hotel rooms on the
Internet by us. During our tour in Xi’an, we went to many places of interests and took lots of photos, learned about
ourselves interest learning
the history of Xi’an. No tourists would miss the local food in Xi’an, so would we. We enjoyed the typical local
food, it tasted more delicious than we had expected. Hardly had I returned than I shared the photos and
experiences for my classmates. The trip to Xi’an has been such∧ happy memory to me that I will never forget it.
Hi there, Julia. I’m very glad to have read the post that you put on the English Forum. I strongly recommend that you pay a visit to Sichuan Province.
I’m Li Hua, a Senior 3 boy student, good at Chinese geography and history. When it comes to traveling in China, Sichuan is sure to be a popular tourist destination. It is not only the birthplace of Ba-Shu culture, but also has many places of interest, where you can enjoy yourself to the full degree. Besides, people in Sichuan are friendly and willing to help others in need, which can really help make your visit comfortable and pleasant. Particularly, you can take a chance to experience different cultures and enjoy a variety of typical Sichuan foods. By the way, I’d like to serve as your guide if you come.
I do hope that you will have a good time in China.
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