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四川省德阳市高考2018届“一诊”考试英语试题附答案           ★★★
四川省德阳市高考2018届“一诊”考试英语试题附答案
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2018/3/16 9:58:54

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
                                    A
 When it comes to bucket-list(遗愿清单) adventures, swimming with sharks is near the top for a lot of adrenaline junkies. Many of the adventures on the list require scuba diving, but at some locations, even non-divers with a desire to get up close and personal with the top of the food chain can jump in and face their fears.
Bahamas
 I don't want to scare the non-shark lovers away from the beauty of the Bahamas, but there are sharks out there. From least scary to the most, here's where to get your Bahamian shark fix.
 Compass Cay Marina is home to a large number of well-fed, friendly nurse sharks. In case you don't know it, a nurse shark is more like a giant catfish than a great white. You can walk right into the shallow water near the fish-cleaning station and pet these gentle guys.
 Stuart Cove's in Nassau has been doing shark dives safely for decades. Caribbean reef sharks feed on fish-on-a-stick as divers kneel in the sand in awe. Reef sharks are some of the least aggressive species of shark.
 As your fear subsides and you crave more sharks and more excitement, check out the folks at Jim Abernethy's Scuba Adventures in Fort Lauderdale. They operate live-aboard dive boats with regularly scheduled shark trips in the Bahamas. Expect to see tigers and hammerheads, as well as the Caribbean reef sharks.
Hawaii
 There are several shark species in the Pacific waters surrounding the Hawaiian Islands. Sightings of tigers, hammerheads, blues, and even great whites are not all that uncommon.
 And While divers can expect to see these guys almost anywhere while diving in Hawaii, the Oahu's North Shore is the place to be for cage diving. Hawaii Shark Encounters takes shark education seriously and strives to educate customers about the need for shark conservation while providing a thrilling swim with sharks inside the safety of a cage. No diving skills are required-just bring your courage.
Fiji
 Scuba diving in Fiji is a definite bucket-list adventure for many divers-and the fish many hope to see most is shark. Beqa Adventure Divers can make that happen for you. Sharks are protected in the Shark Reef Marine Reserve, so no worries about questionable practices. This is an uncaged dive, but per the company's website, it is a carefully managed feed, where participants observe, but do not interact(互动) with the sharks.
Guadalupe Island
 Home to a large population of great whites, the waters off the Mexico's Baja coast, attract divers willing to brave cold Pacific waters for some time in a cage watching the top fish of the ocean.
 Nautilus Live Aboards operates six-day adventures from July to November using submersible(能在水下操作的) cages that descend to about 9 meters for a better opportunity to observe the sharks. You meet the expedition in San Diego, motor to Ensenada, cruise to Guadalupe, then spend three full days in the cages watching the predators. Non-divers are allowed, as air is supplied by hoses attached to the boat, but a minimum of a Discover Scuba course is recommended.
21. How many kinds of sharks are mentioned in this passage?
 A. Three.    B. Four.    C. Five.    D. Six.
22. According to the passage, where can you interact with sharks?
 A. In Bahamas.  B. In Hawaii.   C. In Fiji.    D. In Guadalupe Island.
23. We can learn from the text that            .
 A. great whites can be seen mostly in Bahamas
 B. caged diving is safer than uncaged diving
 C. tigers are more dangerous than reef sharks
 D. skills as well as courage are needed for cage diving in Hawaii
B
 Every summer the heat was miserable. This summer was no exception.
 Jamal lay on the porch(门廊), holding a glass of sweet tea to his forehead, trying to absorb some of the cool. It was early afternoon, and his grandmother had lain down for her daily nap.
 “Jamal! Jamal!” said Lisa, trying to get his attention.
 “What?” he asked.
 “I’m going to sort out the attic(阁楼). Want to come?” she asked calmly. Lisa was two years younger than Jamal and was used to being blown off.
 “You’re crazy,” Jamal said. “It’s got to be 100 degrees up there, not to mention that it’s dusty and full of spiders and who knows what else.”
 “Grandma said that if we see anything we want up there, we can keep it,” said Lisa.
 “What makes you think I want any of that old junk?” asked Jamal.
 “Suit yourself,” said Lisa. She went to the bedroom to change into old clothes that could get covered in sweat, dust, and possibly dead spiders.
 Up in the attic, Lisa began to see Jamal’s point. The heat in the house rose upwards, only to be trapped in the small attic. Everything was covered in a fine layer of dust…
 As Lisa began going through the boxes, she realized that no one had touched them for years. After a couple of hours, Lisa’s back ached, and her shirt was wet through.
 “Lisa, honey!” she heard her grandmother call. “Come take a break and have some tea.”
 Lisa went downstairs and took a picture with her. “Grandma, is this really you?”
 Her grandmother laughed. “What, you can’t believe it? Yes, that’s me; that was taken at my home coming almost sixty years ago.”
 “You were beautiful, Grandma,” said Lisa admiringly.
 “You’d be surprised, Lisa,” her grandmother responded. “Adults, all of us, were once young and irresponsible like you.”
 “I don’t think Mom was ever like that …” said Lisa.
 “Your mother…” her grandmother’s voice became low as she carefully chose her words. “When your father died in the service, your mother was still just a girl herself. You were a baby, and Jamal was only two. She had to grow up real fast.”
 Lisa nodded. She finished her tea, thanked her grandmother, and turned to go back upstairs.
24. What was Jamal’s attitude towards Lisa’s suggestion of exploring the attic?
 A. Enthusiastic.   B. Interested.   C. Negative.    D. Indifferent.
25. The underlined expression “Suit yourself” means “           ”.
 A. Enjoy yourself   B. Please yourself  C. Take care of yourself  D. Help yourself
26. What does Lisa’s grandmother probably mean when she says that Lisa’s mother “had to grow up real fast”?
 A. Lisa’s mother had to drop out of college and start working.
 B. Lisa’s mother had to become carefree and irresponsible very quickly.
 C. Lisa’s mother had to become responsible and mature very quickly.
 D. Lisa’s mother had to take on more responsibility than she was able to handle.
27. Which of the following is the probable ending of the story?
 A. Lisa found her mother’s love letters.
 B. Lisa found nothing important but junk.
 C. Lisa found a box of spiders and was scared to death.
 D. Lisa found something about her mother’s miserable childhood.
D
 It sounds like something straight out of a science fiction movie or a silly cartoon: a futuristic traveling tube that can quickly shoot people wherever they want to go, inside a tiny pod(吊舱). But this may be just around the corner for people looking for a faster, easier, and cheaper- than- ever way to travel.
 South African-American inventor and billionaire Elon Musk, who, in the past, has worked on both private space flight and electric cars, recently announced he has been working on the design of this traveling tube, which could forever change the way we travel the world.
 In a interview, Musk described the new tube as a fifth kind of transportation.
 “We have planes, trains, automobiles, and boats,” he explained. “What if there was a fifth mode? I have a name for it, called the Hyperloop.”
 The Hyperloop would have the power to cut back on travel time between major cities like Los Angeles and San Francisco, which is what inspired Musk to design the Hyperloop in the first place.
 Musk started in an interview that he actually came up with the idea for the Hyperloop while thinking about the train that takes people between Los Angeles and San Francisco-it is known for being one of the slowest in the country.
 “This system I have in mind…can never crash, is immune (免疫的)to weather, it goes three or four times faster than the bullet train…it goes an average speed of twice what an aircraft would do,” explained Musk.
 “You would go from downtown Los Angeles to downtown San Francisco in under 30 minutes,” he added. “It would cost you much less than an air ticket and less than any other mode of transport.”
 People using the Hyperloop would shoot around in pods, which are each just over six-and-a-half feet across, and the pods would travel through tubes located either above ground or under water, though Musk has not yet released his final design drawings.
 Additionally, Musk believes the Hyperloop could be completely powered by the sun-making it more environmentally friendly than cars, airplanes, or train systems. Someday it could possibly move people between the East and West Coasts of the United States in less than an hour, which is faster than any other mode of transportation that exists. Eventually, the Hyperloop would be able to move people around the world.
 The Hyperloop could even run 24/7, be cheap, and allow people to travel on their own schedule. People could show up at the Hyperloop station whenever they want and be quickly sent on their way.
 Musk is not the first person outside of science fiction novelists to dream up vacuum tube technology for moving people. The idea has been around for some time, and inventors in other countries, including China, are reportedly working on similar technology.
32. The Hyperloop is             that Elon Musk is designing.
 A. an electric car    B. a private spaceship  C. a traveling tube   D. a bullet train
33. What do we know about the Hyperloop?
 A. The Hyperloop could only run on weekdays.
 B. The Hyperloop is being designed to travel at twice the speed of an airplane.
 C. Inventors in other countries are working on the same technology as the Hyperloop.
 D. People using the Hyperloop would travel in pods that are about six-and-a-half feet long.
34. According to the passage, people might prefer the Hyperloop because         .
 A. people would not have to pay as much to use the Hyperloop
 B. people with motion sickness might not be able to handle the Hyperloop
 C. people are tired of using the same four kinds of transportation over and over
 D. the Hyperloop could take people to places where planes and trains do not go
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
 There is a collection of positive habits that make a person so successful in class.      36     .
 Here are some habits of top students that you can use as tips to do better at school:
 First,    37     . In college, homework assignments generally make up 5-20% of your grade, but can be the biggest time- suck for most students. Working problems is one of the best ways to turn new concepts into working knowledge, but you’ll never see on an exam a large majority of those problems that take you hours and hours to work through.
 Second, they never “read through” the textbook. Per time spent, reading the textbook is one of the least effective methods for learning new materials.     38     , but otherwise use Google, lecture notes, and old exams for study materials.
 Third, they test themselves frequently. Testing yourself strengthens your brain’s connections to new materials.   39    . Bottom line, repeated self-testing significantly improve long-term memory of new materials.
 Last, they study in short bursts, not long marathons. Studying in short burst tends to help you focus strongly because you know there is at least a short break coming.   40    , which makes studying continuously for multiple hours on end.
A. It helps relax our mind.
B. they always focus on their homework
C. they don’t always do all of their homework
D. Top students use examples and practice problems
E. This also fits in nicely with our natural activity or rest cycle of our bodies
F. It gives you immediate and clear feedback on whether you know something or not
G. An accumulation of such habits can combine to produce high-level academic performance
第三部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1. 5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
 I live in a rural community in the United States. A rural area is different from a city because there are   41   people. My home is deep in a valley   42     by mountains that are rocky and covered in trees.   43     many farms are located in rural areas because they require large plots of land to grow food or   44    farm animals, in my community the mountains and   45    soil make it difficult to farm. This is one   46   why few people live in my area.
 What’s it like to live in the mountains? Since we have a lot of     47    , we get to have horses and chickens. My family   48     eggs from the chickens for breakfast. We also lose electricity a lot because the trees fall on power lines whenever there’s a    49    . In my community, people keep battery- powered flashlights and oil lamps stored in case the lights    50    . Some people also use a generator-- a machine that generates electricity from gasoline—whenever there are    51    .
 Going to school in a rural area means having fewer classmates and  52     longer distances. To get to my high school, I must drive forty miles to the   53    city. This means I must get up much earlier than my   54    classmates in order to be on time. The roads in my community aren’t paved with asphalt(沥青) either, so during storms they    55    become too muddy or snowy to pass. In cities a snowplow(扫雪机)   56     quickly, but areas where fewer people live aren’t the priority(优先), so days can pass before a snowplow   57    the road. Sometimes I must miss school because storms make it    58   to drive.
 I am not sure   59    if I want to live in the country or in the city when I grow up. I like being in nature, hearing the creek and the birds, and having a big yard. I also like being in the city, though, where I can go howling or skating, or see my friends. It can get   60    in the country, although I do love being around our animals.
41. A. few       B. many       C. fewer       D. more
42. A. surrounded    B. hidden       C. shadowed      D. enriched
43. A. When      B. While       C. Because        D. If
44. A. feed       B. grow       C. train        D. house
45. A. rich      B. muddy       C. rocky       D. snowy
46. A. explanation    B. cause       C. excuse       D. reason
47. A. space      B. room       C. place       D. land
48. A. lays      B. harvests      C. buys       D. picks
49. A. storm      B. thunder      C. lighting      D. shower
50. A. put out     B. wear out      C. run out      D. go out
51. A. dangers     B. risks       C. emergencies    D. incidents
52. A. walking     B. running      C. driving      D. traveling
53. A. nearby     B. distant       C. nearest       D. farthest
54. A. rural      B. city        C. old        D. new
55. A. can      B. may        C. must       D. should
56. A. comes by    B. comes about    C. comes to       D. comes out
57. A. cleans      B. digs        C. clears       D. covers
58. A. likely      B. necessary      C. improper      D. impossible
59. A. still      B. yet        C. even       D. as
60. A. quiet      B. lonely       C. alone       D. busy
第Ⅱ卷(非选择题 共50分)
注意事项:
用0.5毫米黑色笔迹的签字笔将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
                    Tiger Parents Do No Good to Kids’ Development
 Digging through kids’ school bags, looking up all the assignments, sitting beside them going through each item, and finally    61      (have) all the homework checked with a name signed is a      62     (day) routine for most Chinese parents, as required by teachers. A demanding task especially after a long day’s work at office, isn’t it?  63     (luck), some parents in Jinhua, Zhejiang Province, have been liberated. A local primary school has recently announced that parents will no longer have to sign their names on their kids’ homework, as students should be responsible   64         their own assignments.
 Making mistakes is     65    essential part of the process of understanding. Who cares how much you   66   (score) in your homework after you have settled down in life and found your directions? The    67        (able) to realize one’s mistakes and learn from them is what matters, which is also the main purpose of education. Why not give students a chance   68         (find) out and correct their mistakes themselves?
 It is by no    69        (mean)parents’ duty to go through the kids’ assignments.   70       parents are supposed to do is to create a friendly studying environment for kids, and teach them to be an independent learner. After all, independent learning is much more important than high scores.
第三部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均限一词。
      2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
    Last summer vacation was my most pleasant one. My parents and I had made a tour to Xi’an. Instead of having a travel agency arranging our transportation and accommodation, we booked the train tickets and hotel rooms on the Internet by us. During our tour in Xi’an, we went to many places of interests and took lots of photos, learned about the history of Xi’an. No tourists would miss the local food in Xi’an, so would we. We enjoyed the typical local food, it tasted more delicious than we had expected. Hardly had I returned than I shared the photos and experiences for my classmates. The trip to Xi’an has been such happy memory to me that I will never forget it.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假如你是一名高三学生李华,你在某英文论坛上看到一个帖子。澳大利亚中学生Julia想来中国旅游,你向
她推荐了四川,请根据以下提示用英语写一封电子邮件。
内容包括:1.自我介绍;
2.推荐理由(至少两条);
注意:
1.文中不能出现真实的学校名称及个人姓名;
2. 可以适当增加细节,词数100左右;(开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数)
3.参考词汇:英文论坛the English forum    帖子post
Hi there, Julia.
___________________________________________________________________________________________
Best Wishes!
           Sincerely yours,
                                                                                   Li Hua
 
 
四川省德阳市高中2018届“一诊”考试英语参考答案
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
1-5 CBABA    6-10 CBCAB    11-15 ACABC   16-20 ACBBC
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
21-25DACCB    26-30CADDA   31-35ACBAD
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
36-40 GCDFE
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,共30分)
41-45CABDC   46-50DABAD   51-55CDCBA    56-60ACDBB
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
61.having    62.daily    63.Luckily    64.for     65.an   
66.have scored     67.ability   68.to find    69.means     70.What
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
Last summer vacation was my most pleasant one. My parents and I had made a tour to Xi’an. Instead of having a
                                                   去掉had
travel agency arranging our transportation and accommodation, we booked the train tickets and hotel rooms on the
                 arrange
Internet by us. During our tour in Xi’an, we went to many places of interests and took lots of photos, learned about
         ourselves                                                            interest                               learning
the history of Xi’an. No tourists would miss the local food in Xi’an, so would we. We enjoyed the typical local
                                                                              nor/neither
food, it tasted more delicious than we had expected. Hardly had I returned than I shared the photos and
     which                                                                            when
experiences for my classmates. The trip to Xi’an has been such∧ happy memory to me that I will never forget it.
             with                                                          a
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
 Hi there, Julia. I’m very glad to have read the post that you put on the English Forum. I strongly recommend that you pay a visit to Sichuan Province.
 I’m Li Hua, a Senior 3 boy student, good at Chinese geography and history. When it comes to traveling in China, Sichuan is sure to be a popular tourist destination. It is not only the birthplace of Ba-Shu culture, but also has many places of interest, where you can enjoy yourself to the full degree. Besides, people in Sichuan are friendly and willing to help others in need, which can really help make your visit comfortable and pleasant. Particularly, you can take a chance to experience different cultures and enjoy a variety of typical Sichuan foods. By the way, I’d like to serve as your guide if you come.
 I do hope that you will have a good time in China.
 Best Wishes!
         Sincerely yours,
         Li Hua


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